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Teks Ucapan Perdana Menteri Budget 2013

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site de rencontre malgache Rasanya semua rakyat Malaysia berpuas hati lepas mendengar pembentangan Budget 2013 oleh Perdana Menteri YAB Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Haji Abdul Rasak siang tadi. Ternyata pembentangan kali ini mendapat respon positif dikalangan Masyarakat lebih-lebih lagi bagi mereka yang berpendapatan sederhana. Aku sebagai Rakyat Malaysia amat berbangga dengan Kerajaan Malaysia kerana faham hati budi rakyat. Sekaranglah masanya Kerajaan membalas budi kepada Rakyat.

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I beg to move the Bill intituled “An Act to apply a sum from the Consolidated Fund for the service of the year 2013 and to appropriate that sum for the service of that year” be read a second time.


I begin the 2013 Budget speech by reciting the holy kalimah Bismillahirrahmanirrahim and by reciting a verse from Surah Al-Baqarah, which was revealed in Madinah:

“And everyone has a direction to which he should turn, therefore hasten to (do) good works; wherever you are, Allah will bring you all together (for judgement); surely Allah has power over all things.”

1. I am here in this august House on a Friday evening to table the Government’s Budget, the fifth since holding office of the Minister of Finance Malaysia in 2008. Praise be on Allah SWT, for with His Blessings and through the collective efforts of my colleagues in the administration and the support of the members of Parliament, civil servants and all Malaysians, our beloved country has been successfully shielded from the adverse effects of the global financial crisis. In fact, the economy is on a sustainable growth trajectory towards transforming into a high-income and developed economy, while, the well-being of the rakyat continues to be improved.

2. Indeed, the 2013 Budget continues the excellent tradition of the Barisan Nasional in prospering the country and improving the well-being of the rakyat. This is a manifestation of a promise fulfilled. Since the last 55 years, Malaysians have placed their trust in the same government at every stage of the nation’s development. We thank you for your trust. We have never betrayed the people. Instead, we have repaid the trust given to us manifold.

3. This Government has never promised the moon, the stars or the galaxy. We have never painted a pretty picture based on wishful thinking. As a responsible Government, we continue to speak the truth even though it may be unpleasant. We have never misled to the rakyat with tall tales. On the other hand, we have always offered solutions and provided good leadership to every problem faced by the rakyat.

4. It is proven beyond doubt that the Malaysian economy is centred on the rakyat. It is the outcome of the vision and aspiration of the rakyat. It is a testimony of the hard work of the rakyat. The economy is the contribution of the rakyat in urban and rural areas, professionals as well as blue-collar workers, farmers, labourers, farmers, smallholders, fishermen, teachers, lecturers and artistes. The economy is supported by civil servants and entrepreneurs. Above all, the economy is managed carefully and prudently by a Government which places the well-being of the rakyat as its ultimate objective. This is the formula for the success of Malaysia.

5. Managing a complex multiracial country like Malaysia is not easy. It requires sincerity and intelligence because Malaysians are a discerning lot. In fact, the rakyat has given the mandate to the same Government 12 times since 1959, indicating that this Government has done the right thing.

6. The trust that exists between the rakyat and the Government cannot be broken no matter how strong the lies. In this regard, the Budget that I am tabling is in appreciation of all Malaysians who have placed their trust in us all this while.


7. The Government remains committed to ensuring the nation’s economic growth continues to flourish despite uncertainties and challenges in the global economy. The nation’s strong economic fundamentals, supported by an accommodative monetary policy have placed the economy on the right path. In the first half of 2012, the economy expanded 5.1% mainly supported by robust private investment and consumption. In tandem with improved investor confidence in Malaysia as a major investment destination, net inflows of foreign direct investment (FDI) amounted to RM13.6 billion.

8. For 2012, despite moderate global economic growth and trade, the Malaysian economy is estimated to expand strongly between 4.5% and 5%. Growth will be driven by private investment at 11.7% to RM127.9 billion. The performance far exceeds the total investment in 2009 at RM81 billion. The trend reflects the growing vibrancy in domestic investment, particularly with the implementation of projects under the Economic Transformation Programme (ETP). This will support the construction sector to surge 15.5% in 2012 from 4.6% in 2011.

9. The strong domestic economic environment also boosted the encouraging performance of the stock market. This was reflected in the increase of the FTSE Bursa Malaysia KLCI to reach a record high of 1,654.11 points on 4 September 2012. Market capitalisation increased 44% from RM999 billion as at end-2009 to RM1.43 trillion on 4 September 2012. Per capita income increased to almost RM31,000 in 2012 compared with RM25,000 in 2009. The international reserves position remains strong at RM432.2 billion on 14 September 2012, sufficient to finance 9.5 months of retained imports and is 3.9 times the short-term external debt.

10. In 2013, based on the prospects of an improved global economy, the Malaysian economy is forecast to expand strongly between 4.5% and 5.5%. For the first time, the nation’s nominal Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is expected to exceed RM1 trillion. The higher growth is supported by private investment and consumption at 13.3% and 5.7%, respectively. The construction sector is expected to increase 11.2% followed by the services sector at 5.6%.


11. The 2013 Budget will allocate RM251.6 billion for the implementation of development projects, programmes and measures, with focus on the well-being of the rakyat and national development. Of this amount, RM201.9 billion is for Operating Expenditure while RM49.7 billion, for Development Expenditure.

12. Under Operating Expenditure, RM58.6 billion is allocated for Emoluments and RM33.7 billion is allocated for Supplies and Services. Meanwhile, RM107.3 billion is allocated for Fixed Charges and Grants, while RM1.1 billion is provided for the Purchase of Assets. The remaining RM1.2 billion is for Other Expenditures.

13. As for Development Expenditure, RM30 billion is allocated to the economic sector for infrastructure, industrial, agriculture and rural development. A total of RM11.1 billion is allocated to the social sector including education and training, health, welfare, housing and community development. In addition, RM4.6 billion is allocated for the development of the Security Sector, RM2 billion for General Administration and RM2 billion for Contingencies.

14. In 2013, the Federal Government revenue collection is estimated at RM208.6 billion compared with RM207.2 billion in 2012. Taking into account the estimated revenue and expenditure, the Federal Government fiscal deficit will further decline to 4% of GDP in 2013 from 4.5% in 2012. This reflects the Government’s commitment to continue reducing the fiscal deficit to a lower level.


15. The 2013 Budget will focus on improving the quality of life of the rakyat, ensuring sustainable economic growth, spending prudently and reducing the fiscal deficit with the overall objective of prioritising the well-being of the rakyat. The Government will ensure that the rakyat enjoys excellent services and obtains maximum benefits from the implementation of development projects and programmes. The 2013 Budget is, therefore, designed based on the theme “PROSPERING THE NATION, ENHANCING WELL-BEING OF THE RAKYAT: A PROMISE FULFILLED”, with focus on five key areas.


16. Malaysia’s economic growth will continue to be driven by foreign and domestic direct investment. In the first half of 2012, private investment rose to RM75.3 billion compared with RM59.8 billion during the same period of 2011. This trend is expected to continue in 2013 with private investment increasing to RM148.4 billion.

17. The Government will continue to accelerate the implementation of the 12 National Key Economic Areas (NKEAs). In 2013, a sum of RM3 billion is allocated for the implementation of entry point projects (EPPs). This includes RM1.5 billion for agriculture projects such as oil palm, rubber, high-value herbs and paddy. A total of RM500 million will be allocated for the River of Life project for the beautification of the Klang River. Meanwhile, an additional RM300 million is provided for replacement of water pipelines and sewage to improve water supply and sewage system.

Promoting Domestic Investment

18. To encourage domestic investment and accelerate the participation of Malaysian companies in the global supply chain, the Government has established the Domestic Investment Strategic Fund worth RM1 billion under the Malaysian Investment Development Authority (MIDA). The fund aims to leverage outsourcing activities and acquisition of technology by Malaysian companies. Additionally, the Government has reintroduced the incentive for the acquisition of foreign companies and a special tax rate to encourage local service providers to merge into bigger entities.

Intensifying Small and Medium Enterprises

19. Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) have played an important role in supporting the nation’s economic transformation. To accelerate the growth of SME and the expansion of industrial areas nationwide, a fund of RM1 billion will be provided under the SME Development Scheme to be managed by the SME Bank.

The measure will facilitate SMEs’ access to financing to further develop their businesses.

20. This is in line with the recently launched SME Masterplan (2012 – 2020), which will be the game-changer in accelerating SME growth through innovation and productivity. The Masterplan outlines the implementation of 32 initiatives including six high-impact programmes (HIP) with an allocation of RM30 million.

21. To further promote the halal industry, the Government is committed to developing high-impact halal products for export. In this regard, the SME Bank with the cooperation of the Islamic Development Bank (IDB) will provide RM200 million to the Halal Industry Fund to finance the working capital of participating SMEs.

22. Currently, there are 1.5 million hawkers and small businesses operating traditionally, and without fixed income. Recognising their constraints, particularly in the event of injury, disability and death, the Government proposes a group insurance coverage scheme for hawkers and owners of small businesses registered with the Companies Commission of Malaysia. The scheme will provide maximum coverage of up to RM5,000. For the first time, the Government will finance this Scheme with an allocation of RM16 million a year.

23. In addition, Perbadanan Nasional Berhad (PNS) will introduce the Business in Transformation programme to support efforts to modernise the operations of hawkers and small businesses to higher standards and competitiveness through the licensing or franchising model. The programme will provide guidance and advisory services on new business concepts such as mobile shops, kiosks and online businesses. For this, PNS will provide soft loans to hawkers and small businesses of up to RM25,000 for licensees and RM500,000 for licensors.

Malaysia as Oil and Gas Hub

24. We are blessed with valuable mineral resources, such as oil and natural gas. The Government aims to transform Malaysia from a producer to a global integrated trading hub for oil and gas.

25. Therefore, the Government has undertaken several strategic measures to enhance the nation’s capability, particularly in providing an ecosystem to support the development of the chain of refining, storage and trading. To support the participation of private operators in the development of the oil and gas industry, various special tax incentives and non-tax incentives have been provided. These include the cost of land acquisition and financial assistance as a tipping point for public-private partnership projects, 100% income tax exemption for a period of ten years, exemption of withholding tax and exemption of stamp duty.

26. For investment in the refinery activities on petroleum products, Investment Tax Allowance of 100% for the period of 10 years will be provided to qualified companies. In this regard, various investment totalling USD20 billion in oil and gas projects have been implemented in 2012. These projects include the PETRONAS Refinery and Petrochemical Integrated Development (RAPID), oil and gas storage Terminal in Johor, Regasification Plant in Melaka as well as oil and gas terminal in Sipitang, Sabah.

27. The Government also launched the Global Incentive for Trading (GIFT) programme in 2011 with tax incentive at the rate of 3%. In line with the global demand for liquefied natural gas (LNG) which is expected to reach 400 million tonnes a year in 2025, the GIFT programme will be enhanced with a 100% income tax exemption on statutory income for the first 3 years of operations for LNG trading companies. Commodity trading approved under GIFT will be extended to include other commodities such as agriculture, refined raw materials, base minerals and chemicals.

Intensifying Tourism Sector

28. The tourism industry is one of the key economic growth sectors, contributing almost 12% to GDP. Total revenue generated from the tourism sector is estimated to increase to RM62 billion in 2012. In conjunction with Visit Malaysia Year 2013/2014, the Government has allocated RM358 million under development expenditure, an increase of 42%, to target 26.8 million tourist arrivals. In addition, for tour operators who bring in at least 750 foreign tourists or handle 1,500 local tourists a year, the Government proposes that the income tax exemption be extended for 3 years.

Enhancing Agricultural Activity

29. The Government continues to give priority to the agriculture sector to enhance the national income and ensure food security. For this, a sum of RM5.8 billion is allocated to the Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-Based Industry.

30. The Government will also allocate RM30 million for agricultural development programmes, including high-technology applications in fruit and vegetable production, increase the supply of high-quality seedlings, price stabilisation through direct selling from farms, establishment of fish markets for the rakyat as well as improving agricultural training institutions. The Government will also allocate RM75 million to increase the output of food and health products.

31. For the plantation subsector, RM432 million is allocated under the NKEA for oil palm replanting programmes. The initiative will increase the annual oil palm yield to 26.2 tonnes per hectare in 2020 compared with 21 tonnes per hectare currently. In addition, RM127 million is allocated for the development of high-value oleo derivatives to transform the downstream industry towards higher production of derivatives.

Sustaining Food Security

32. To ensure food security, existing paddy granaries will be strengthened through an integrated and systematic paddy management system. Additionally, four new paddy granaries will be developed and expanded in Kota Belud, Batang Lupar, Rompin and Pekan. Currently, the 389,000 hectares of cultivated paddy granaries are able to produce up to 1.8 million tonnes. With an expenditure of RM140 million, the four new paddy granaries with acreage of 19,000 hectares and involving 12,237 farmers are expected to produce 104 tonnes.

Safeguarding the Farmers and Fishermen

33. The Government appreciates the contribution of fishermen and will ensure that their socio-economic status and income are enhanced. Currently, the Government provides a living allowance of RM200 per month, benefiting 55,000 registered fishermen. The Government also provides an incentive ranging from RM0.10 to RM0.20 per kilogramme to encourage fish landings at licensed jetties nationwide.

34. The Government has introduced the Fishermen Insurance Scheme with a maximum coverage of RM100,000. To continue providing these benefits, the Government will allocate RM230 million in 2013 as an incentive for fish landing as well as payment of living allowances for the fishermen. In addition, the allocation of RM300 million provided in the 2012 Budget for the building and refurbishment of fishermen’s houses are currently underway.

35. The Government will continue to provide subsidies and incentives amounting to RM2.4 billion to assist farmers in reducing cost of production. The assistance comprises subsidies and incentives for paddy production including subsidies on paddy price (RM480 million) and paddy fertilisers (RM465 million); incentives to increase paddy yield (RM80 million) and paddy production (RM563 million); and

subsidies on price of rice (RM528 million) and high-quality paddy seeds (RM85 million).

36. In line with the Government’s commitment to safeguard the rakyat’s welfare, particularly paddy farmers, the Government will introduce for the first time a Paddy Takaful Coverage Scheme (SPTP). The scheme is expected to benefit 172,000 paddy farmers who own fields less than 10 hectares. Total compensation to be received by each farmer is estimated at RM13,000. The Government will initially allocate RM50 million for this scheme.

37. The Government will continue the AZAM Tani project which was introduced in 2011. The programme has successfully lifted 1,234 families out of poverty and increased their average income between RM200 and RM2,000 per month. Several participants of this programme have also successfully increased their income to more than RM10,000 per month. To further strengthen this initiative, RM41 million will be provided to benefit 6,730 participants.

Stimulating the Capital and Financial Markets

38. The Malaysian capital market has expanded rapidly despite uncertainties in the global economy. Malaysia also continues to dominate sukuk issuance accounting for 71% or RM171 billion of the total global sukuk issuance in the first seven months of 2012. This is proven by the single largest sukuk issuance by PLUS Berhad worth RM30.6 billion.

39. In addition, the fund management and unit trust industry registered a strong growth in the first half of 2012 with managed assets increasing to RM451.9 billion and a net asset value of RM277.8 billion.

40. In 2012, the domestic equity market registered a strong growth with Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) worth RM17.4 billion. This reflected a sharp increase of 162% compared with 2011. History was created when two out of the three largest global IPOs were raised domestically, namely Felda Global Ventures Holdings Berhad (FGVH) with an issuance of RM9.9 billion and IHH Healthcare Berhad with RM6.3 billion. In addition, ASTRO which will be listed in October 2012, is expected to be the largest issuance.

41. To further stimulate the capital and equity market, the Securities Commission (SC) will provide a framework on the issuance of AgroSukuk for companies engaged in the agriculture sector, following the successful listing of FGVH. Through instruments such as the AgroSukuk, capital can be raised to finance agricultural companies and agro-based industries. To encourage the issuance of AgroSukuk, the Government proposes that expenses for the issuance of AgroSukuk be given a double deduction for a period of four years effective from year of assessment 2012 to 2015.

42. Apart from institutional investors, the Government also encourages retail investors to participate in the capital market. For this purpose, the SC has formulated a framework for retail bond and sukuk issuances to enable investors to acquire stakes in the bond and sukuk markets. For a start, DanaInfra Nasional Berhad will issue retail bonds worth RM300 million by end-2012 to finance MRT development projects.

43. To encourage companies to issue retail bonds and retail sukuk, the Government proposes that additional expenses incurred in the issuance of retail bonds and retail sukuk be given a double deduction for a period of four years effective from year of assessment 2012 to 2015. At the same time, individual investors are also given stamp duty exemption on instruments relating to the transactions of retail bonds and retail sukuk.

44. To ensure an effective and holistic promotion of the Malaysian capital market internationally, the SC will establish a Capital Market Promotion Centre. The centre will adopt an integrated approach across various segments in the capital market and provide consistent initiatives to position Malaysia as a centre of investment and fund raising.

45. The SC will introduce the Graduate Representative Programme to increase the supply of professionals to support growth of the capital market. The programme will be implemented in collaboration with the private sector to train 1,000 graduates to meet the needs of the securities and derivatives industry.

Promoting Business Trust

46. Business operations through trust entities have certain advantages, particularly in enhancing their ability to obtain financial resources based on assets owned. In this regard, the Government has amended the Capital Market and Services Act 2007 to provide an option for carrying out business operations through a new structure, known as a business trust.

47. In line with this, the Government proposes a business trust be given the same tax treatment as a company. To encourage the development of business trusts, it is proposed that the transfer of any business, asset and real property to a business trust be given stamp duty exemption and real property gains tax exemption at the early stage of the establishment of a business trust.

48. The Government has established Danajamin Nasional Berhad (Danajamin) to provide guarantee facilities to viable companies to obtain funds from the bond market at a reasonable cost. Danajamin has approved guarantees totalling RM9.3 billion to 30 companies, resulting in the issuance of bonds and sukuk worth RM4.2 billion. This has enabled companies to generate economic activities in various sectors, including real estate, infrastructure, plantation, oil and gas, construction, manufacturing and aviation.

49. To provide companies with greater access to the capital market, the Government will allocate an additional RM400 million to Danajamin for the next two years. The additional fund will multiply the issuance value between RM4 billion and RM6 billion.

50. The Government has also announced the establishment of the Capital Market Foundation as a concerted effort towards increasing the competency and capability of companies to compete in a more dynamic capital market. The Foundation focuses on three main areas, namely SME development; promotion and support of innovative products; and human capital development. For this, RM100 million will be provided to the Foundation through the Capital Market Development Fund under the SC.

51. As an initiative to promote Malaysia as an international financial hub and to attract FDI, the Government launched the Tun Razak Exchange (TRX) on 30 July 2012 with a gross development value of RM26 billion. TRX will provide new investment opportunities by connecting the business community with the global market. TRX is expected to attract 250 international financial services companies and offer 40,000 knowledge and skilled job opportunities.

Corporate Wakaf

52. To encourage major international financial institutions to make Kuala Lumpur a preferred investment centre, income tax exemption for 10 years for TRX-status companies, stamp duty exemption, industrial building allowance and accelerated capital allowance for TRX Marquee-status companies as well as tax exemption for property developers are being provided. The development of TRX is on schedule. Meanwhile, the realignment of existing utilities on the TRX site is well underway and is expected to be completed in October 2012.

53. The Government recognises the State Islamic Religious Council as the sole trustee for all wakaf and wakaf funds in respective states. Wakaf institutions in Malaysia not only focus on land development but also on corporate wakaf in the form of cash, shares and other financial instruments. In line with this, the Malaysian Wakaf Foundation under the Department of Awqaf, Zakat and Hajj (JAWHAR) will be responsible to formulate the Corporate Wakaf master plan, taking into consideration the State Islamic Religious Council legislative structure. The master plan will be the platform for the development of Corporate Wakaf in Malaysia.

Developing Bumiputera Entrepreneurs

54. The Government is committed to ensuring Bumiputera companies are able to compete on a level playing field in acquiring ownership of large companies, creating high-income employment as well as investing in key economic sectors. In 2010, Bumiputera equity increased to 23% compared with 22% in 2008. One of the measures is to increase participation of Bumiputera companies in the first alignment of the MRT project. The participation of Bumiputera companies in high-impact projects such as MRT will further enhance the capability and expertise of local Bumiputera companies. A sum of RM9 billion or 43% of the total infrastructure cost of the MRT project has been allocated to Bumiputera companies.

55. Efforts will also be undertaken to assist Bumiputera SMEs to expand and increase their equity holdings in the economic sector. In line with this, the SME Bank will provide RM1 billion to the Bumiputera Financing Fund. The fund will assist local SMEs to finance the acquisition of GLC subsidiaries engaged in non-core activities. To date, two GLCs have identified their potential subsidiaries for divestment to Bumiputera investors.

56. The Government has also introduced a fund worth RM10 billion under the Working Capital Guarantee Scheme for SMEs to facilitate access to working capital. The scheme guarantees up to a maximum of RM2.5 million to qualified companies. Currently, RM900 million is still available for Bumiputera companies under this scheme. To attract more Bumiputera companies to benefit from this scheme, the Government will extend the duration of this scheme until 31 December 2013, expand this scheme to High-Performing Bumiputera (TERAS) companies and increase the companies’ shareholders fund eligibility from RM10 million to RM20 million.

57. Small-scale entrepreneurs, particularly Bumiputera entrepreneurs lack quick and easy access to loan facilities. With the establishment of Tabung Ekonomi Kumpulan Usaha Niaga (TEKUN), these entrepreneurs are capable of commencing and developing their businesses. To date, TEKUN has extended loans totalling RM2.24 billion to 224,175 entrepreneurs nationwide, including a total of RM34.5 million to 4,212 Malaysian-Indian entrepreneurs under Skim Pembangunan Usahawan Masyarakat India. In 2013, the Government provides an allocation of RM350 million to TEKUN including RM50 million to the Malaysian Indian community.


Malaysia Education Blueprint 2013 – 2025

58. Since independence, the Government has promoted education as the main agenda of the nation. The Government is aware that investment in education and training is a pre-requisite for prosperity of the country and the well-being of the rakyat. In this respect, large allocations have been provided annually. In 2013, the allocation for education and training accounts for 21% of the total budget. However, the outcomes are not commensurate with the investment made. Thus, on 11 September 2012, the Ministry of Education launched the Malaysia Education Blueprint 2013 – 2025 Preliminary Report to ensure the national education system is capable of optimising the potential of each Malaysian child.

59. In the 2013 Budget, a sum of RM38.7 billion is allocated to the Ministry of Education (MOE) for operating and development expenditure.

60. Measures to increase the competency and quality of teachers are critical to support the success of the education system. Thus, in addition to the allocation of RM38.7 billion to MOE, the Government will allocate another RM500 million to enhance teaching skills in core subjects such as Bahasa Malaysia, English, Science and Mathematics through the Higher Order Thinking Skills approach. The allocation includes the establishment of an Education Delivery Unit to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of the transformation plan.

61. In the 2012 Budget, the Government allocated RM1 billion under the Special Fund for the Building, Improvement and Maintenance of Schools, particularly to cater for immediate needs to refurbish school buildings, maintenance, purchase of school equipment and construction of additional blocks. I am pleased to announce an additional RM1 billion to this Special Fund. Of this amount, RM400 million will be channelled to national schools; RM100 million to national-type Chinese schools; RM100 million to national-type Tamil schools; RM100 million to mission schools; RM100 million to Government-assisted religious schools; RM100 million to boarding schools; and RM100 million to Maktab Rendah Sains MARA.

Strengthening the Role of Pre-Schools

62. In early childhood education, the quality of pre-school education is critical to equip children with basic education. For this, RM1.2 billion will be allocated for pre- school education to Jabatan Kemajuan Masyarakat, MOE, PERMATA and Department of National Unity and Integration. In addition, RM380 million will be allocated to the MOE for placement of kindergarten teachers.

63. High quality pre-school and childcare services are imperative to ensure children receive proper care while nurturing foster positive mental development. For this the Government proposes the following incentives:

First: Launching grant of RM10,000 to assist operators of Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) private centres in opening new high quality pre-schools. It is estimated that 1,000 new private ECCE centres will benefit from this initiative; Second: A double deduction on the allowance or subsidies provided to the employees and expenses for the maintenance of childcare centres be given to the employers;

Third: Income tax exemption for 5 years and industrial building allowance at the rate of 10% a year be given to operators of pre-school and private childcare centres; and

Fourth: Income tax exemption for 5 years and industrial building allowance at the rate of 10% a year be given to operators of private pre-schools.

64. Currently, there are many disabled children from low-income families who do not receive early education due to lack of pre-schools for disabled children (TASKA OKU). For this, the Government will implement a pilot project for TASKA OKU in six categories of disabled children, namely down syndrome, autism, blind or partially sighted, hearing and speaking disabilities, physical disability and learning difficulties.

Skills and Training

65. Moving on to the issue of knowledgeable, creative and innovative human capital, training programmes will be developed to hone new skills in line with future needs of industry in a high-income and developed economy. For this purpose, RM3.7 billion will be allocated in 2013 to train students in technical and vocational fields.

66. Every year about 180,000 students graduate with diplomas and degrees from institutions of higher learning. To assist unemployed graduates, the Government will launch the Graduate Employability Blueprint by end-2012. The Blueprint will focus on strengthening the employability of graduates. In this regard, the Government will establish the Graduate Employability Taskforce with an allocation of RM200 million.

67. The Government has implemented the 1Malaysia Training Scheme Programme, also known as SL1M, to increase employability of graduates through soft skills training and on-the-job-training in private companies through double deduction on expenses incurred by the companies. This incentive is effective from 1 June 2012 until 31 December 2016.

68. The Government will allocate RM440 million to the Skills Development Fund Corporation (PTPK), to provide loans for trainees to undergo skills training. This measure will benefit nearly 40,000 trainees undertaking the Malaysia Skill Certificate Level One to Five. The Government will allocate RM366 million to upgrade as well as purchase equipment for Industrial Training Institutes and National Youth Vocational Institutes (IKBN).

69. In line with the objective to transform the country’s key industries towards high technology, innovation and high income, various skills training programmes will be implemented. Towards this, focus will be given to create a professional and talented workforce in selected industries, including oil and gas, shipping, ICT, creative and biotechnology. In 2013, about 5,000 trainees are expected to enrol in these programmes. Additionally, PETRONAS will utilise IKBN in Pengerang, Johor to train 300 youths for the oil and gas sector by end of 2012 to meet the needs of the RAPID project.

70. The Government is aware of the plight of poor Malaysian Indian students in the estates who do not achieve good results in examination and are unable to find jobs. In line with this, the Government will allocate RM50 million to train 3,200 Malaysian Indian students in the estates to equip them with skills in line with market demand. The training will be conducted by Industrial Training Institutes and colleges under the Dual National Training Scheme.

71. In ensuring that private sector workers remain healthy and productive to contribute to their companies and economic development, the issue of health must be given priority. In this regard, SOCSO will allocate RM200 million to enable its 1.4 million members to undertake free health screening in Government hospitals or SOCSO’s panel clinics. The health screening is for all workers aged between 40 and 55 years to detect non-communicable diseases.


72. Efforts will also be undertaken to enable SMEs to further expand their businesses by using intellectual property rights (IPR) as a collateral to obtain financing. For this, a valuation model will be created to enable IPR to be valued and commercialised in the market as well as utilised as collateral to obtain financing from financial institutions. For this purpose, the following initiatives will be implemented: First: Establish an Intellectual Property Financing Fund scheme

amounting to RM200 million. The scheme will be offered through Malaysian Debt Ventures Berhad. The Government will provide a 2% interest rate subsidy and guarantee of 50% through Credit Guarantee Corporation Malaysia Berhad; and

Second: Allocate RM19 million for training programmes for local intellectual property evaluators conducted by Intellectual Property Corporation of Malaysia (MyIPO) as well as create an intellectual property right market platform.

Research and Development

73. Research and Development (R&D) activities will continue to be emphasised. Various R&D findings and output of public research institutions have the potential to be commercialised. To support this effort, the Government will allocate RM600 million to five research universities to conduct high-impact research in strategic fields such as nanotechnology, automotive, biotechnology and aerospace.

74. To boost the commercialisation of R&D findings of public institutions, the Government proposes that the current tax incentives for the commercialisation of resource-based R&D findings be extended to commercialisation of non-resource based findings which are products promoted under the Promotion of Investment Act 1986. The tax incentives are as follows:

First: The company which invests in its subsidiary company that undertakes the commercialisation of R&D findings be given a deduction equivalent to the total investment made in that subsidiary; and

Second: The subsidiary company that undertakes the commercialisation of R&D findings be given income tax exemption of 100% on the statutory income for a period of 10 years.

Intensifying Venture Capital Investment by Individual Investors

75. Young entrepreneurs have innovative ideas and products that can be promoted at the international level. However, they are constrained by limited financial resources. Therefore, as an alternative source of funding, it is crucial to have direct participation of an angel investor in the early stage of a business to ensure the success of the investment and the competitiveness of the venture company. In this respect, the Government proposes that a deduction equal to the amount of investment made by an angel investor in a venture company be allowed to be set off against all his income.

Encouraging Inclusive Innovation

76. To ensure inclusive development, the Government will continuously plan and implement programmes and activities centred on knowledge, creativity and innovation. Towards becoming a high-income and developed nation by 2020, innovation will be further strengthened and made pervasive in all sectors and segments of society. Through the 2013 Budget, initiatives will be undertaken by the Ministry of Science Technology and Innovation with the collaboration of Agensi Inovasi Malaysia and non-governmental organisations (NGOs).

Green Technology Development

77. In the 2010 Budget, the Government established the Green Technology Financing Scheme (GTFS) with a fund of RM1.5 billion for three years ending 31 December 2012. The Fund enables companies which are producers and users of green technology to obtain soft loans, with the Government subsidising 2% of the interest rate and providing a guarantee of 60% on the amount of financing. To date, approximately RM800 million has been approved to 50 local companies. To further boost the production and utilisation of green technology-based products, the fund for GTFS will be increased by RM2 billion and the application period extended for another three years ending 31 December 2015.


78. The Government is committed to ensuring the fiscal deficit continues to decline and achieve a balanced budget. In this respect, all ministries and agencies will ensure that development and operating allocations are spent on priority and important items to support the implementation of the national policies and programmes.

79. The Government will also ensure that the Federal Government debt will not exceed 55% of the GDP and fiscal deficit continues to decline to 3% by 2015. Among the measures taken to ensure sound public finance are enhancing revenue collection by strengthening the tax system, and ensuring all procurement and purchases by the Government are based on the value-for-money principle.

80. Apart from the transition from bulk subsidies to targeted subsidies, a review of Malaysia’s taxation system will be continued to ensure the taxation system better reflects the household’s financial position. The transition from income based taxation system to a more comprehensive and fair taxation system will eventually benefit the rakyat.

81. The measure will not be implemented hastily but through a thorough study and in an orderly manner. It will not affect the rakyat, particularly the medium and low-income groups as all the basic needs such as food, housing or public transport will always to be protected.

82. Implementation of the new tax structure is a national imperative to ensure the Government’s finances remain strong for future generation. The Government will not shirk from taking the right action although it is challenging.

83. However, the Government will give the sufficient time to all parties to make the necessary adjustment. Public acceptance of this new initiative will be solicited through information programmes, education and extensive consultations.

84. In providing excellent services, civil servants must adopt a culture of productivity, creativity and innovation. The working culture must be swift, accurate and with integrity. The move will trigger a new paradigm and improve the rakyat’s confidence in a more effective, efficient and responsive public service.

85. The Government has not forgotten the contribution of pensioners in providing excellent services for the country. In this regard, the Government will increase the minimum pension from RM720 to RM820 for pensioners who have served for at least 25 years. The adjustment will be effective from 1 January 2012. This measure will involve an additional allocation of RM60 million a year benefiting 50,371 pensioners including derivative pension recipients.

86. In appreciation of senior citizens, the Government proposes to reduce the processing fee of a 5-year passport by 50%, from RM300 to RM150. Meanwhile,processing fee for the 2-year passport will be reduced from RM100 to RM80. These reductions will also be extended to children aged 12 and below. The new rates will be effective from January 2013.

Improving the Malaysian Armed Forces Scheme of Service

87. To ensure that the Malaysian Armed Forces (ATM) has knowledgeable and highly skilled human capital, as well as to realise the vision and strategic direction of ATM in line with the current demand, the Government will improve the ATM service scheme. In this regard, recruitment to the armed forces has been improved, where the entry requirement for officers has been raised to Bachelor’s Degree with Honours. For servicemen, minimum entry is raised to Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia and Diploma, based on the scope of tasks.

88. Taking into account the uniqueness of the armed forces, the Government will improve career advancement opportunities through time-based promotion for Privates to Lance Corporals, and for Lance Corporals to Corporals within a period of eight years for those who fulfil the necessary requirements and based on their performance. This will increase opportunities for career advancement as well as motivate the members of the armed forces. The improvement in scheme of service and career advancement in the armed forces involves an allocation of RM107 million benefiting 78,123 members.

89. In addition, the Government will provide a special incentive of RM200 per month to all military personnel totalling 125,708, effective from 1 January 2013. The measure will involve an allocation of RM301 million.

90. The Government appreciates the role of the military reserve force to complement and support ATM personnel. In appreciation of their contribution, the Government will revise the services allowance from RM4.00 per hour to RM6.00 for ordinary members, and from RM5.80 to RM7.80 for officers. This will involve 65,000 members of the military reserve force comprising Territorial Army Regiment (WATANIAH) as well as reserves in the navy and air force. This rate has already been in effect for RELA, JPAM and PVR.

91. The Government has not forgotten the commitment and dedication of our national heroes. The Government will provide a one-off RM1,000 to assist former members of the armed forces who have opted for early retirement; served less than 21 years; and did not receive any pension. The allocation of RM224 million will be equally shared by the Government and Armed Forces Fund Board which involves 224,000 former members of the armed forces.

92. The Government will introduce a Group Insurance Coverage Scheme to serving armed forces and police personnel involving an allocation of RM12 million. The scheme will provide a maximum insurance coverage up to RM15,000 to almost 242,000 armed forces and police personnel.

93. To date, the Government has borrowed RM6 billion to finance housing loans for civil servants which is managed by the Housing Loan Division (BPP), Ministry of Finance. As part of efforts to consolidate the fiscal deficit and to ease the Government’s financial burden, BPP will be restructured. The Government will appoint panels from commercial banks to manage new housing loans, effective from January 2013. Civil servants will continue to enjoy the existing benefits and assistance, which will be further enhanced. Civil servants will still pay the 4% interest rate on housing loan repayment.

94. Currently, the processing fee for each housing loan application by civil servants is RM1 for every RM1,000 for first submission and RM2 for second submission. To ease the financial burden and facilitate loan approvals, the Government agrees to fix the processing fee at RM100 for each application regardless of the loan amount.

95. The Government will reduce the cost of living of trainees undergoing the pre- service courses at the first degree, diploma and certificate level. In this regard, the Government will increase the pre-service allowance for 31,135 trainees. The schemes of service involved are Education Services Officer, Environmental Health Assistant Officer, Medical Assistant Officer, Assistant Pharmacist, Radiographer, Nurse, Dental Nurse, Physiologist, Medical Laboratory Technologist, Dental Technologist, Community Nurse, General Medical Assistant and Dental Surgery Assistant. For this RM84.2 million is allocated.


96. In addition, the Government will allocate RM6 billion in 2013 under the Private Financing Initiatives (PFI 2) to implement various projects and programmes to ensure the well-being of the rakyat and spur the nation’s development. Among the projects identified include refurbishment and maintenance of schools and health clinics; housing projects; water tank projects; flood mitigation plans and provision of sports facilities.

Creating a Safe and Harmonious Neighbourhood

97. The Government has introduced measures to reduce the crime rate as one of the initiatives under the NKRA. Efforts to further reduce the crime rate will continue to be enhanced, with an allocation of RM591 million in 2013 to implement the following measures:

First: Increasing the number of Polis Diraja Malaysia (PDRM) personnel for patrolling and combating crime, upgrading infrastructure and providing modern equipment;

Second: Establishing a Motorcycle Patrolling Unit to monitor housing areas. For this purpose, the Government will allocate RM20 million to provide 1,000 motorcycles;

Third: Increasing the number of Police Volunteer Reserve (PVR) by an additional 10,000 officers involving an allocation of RM70 million to assist the police in combating crime; and

Fourth: Installing an additional 496 units of Closed Circuit Television or CCTV cameras in 25 local authorities in Peninsular, Sabah and Sarawak to prevent street crimes in urban areas.

98. The Government is aware of the duties and responsibilities of PDRM personnel. To all PDRM personnel, I hear your grievances on several anomalies that exist, particularly in the scheme of service for PDRM officers. The Government will never take these matters lightly. The Government has already directed JPA to conduct a comprehensive study to enhance the career path of PDRM personnel. The study will be inclusive, consult all stakeholders and the issue will be addressed promptly.

99. The Government is committed to ensuring that every rakyat who is accused in a court receives a fair trial in accordance with their rights guaranteed by the Constitution. The Government has provided a launching grant of RM14 million to National Legal Aid Foundation for those who cannot afford legal representation. For 2013, an additional allocation of RM20 million is provided.

100. The involvement of the private sector and local communities is vital in ensuring Malaysia remains a safe nation. In this regard, the following initiatives will be implemented by the Government:

First: Supporting the role of resident associations to promote patrolling activities in neighbourhoods. For this, the Government will provide a launching grant of RM40 million for 4,025 resident associations registered under the Registry of Societies Malaysia, with each association receiving RM10,000; Second: Enhancing the role of neighbourhood watch (rukun tetangga) to assist in safeguarding the neighbourhood. For this, the Government targets 6,500 neighbourhood watch locations (kawasan rukun tetangga – KRT) by 2013. The Government will allocate RM39 million to finance KRT activities;

Third: Providing uniforms to 300,000 active members of People’s Volunteer Corp (RELA) with an allocation of RM90 million; and

Fourth: Total deduction on the expenses on the installation of security control equipment in the same year the equipment is purchased as compared to the current deduction of 8 years under the Accelerated Capital Allowance. The Government has agreed to extend this incentive to housing developers.

Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission

101. The Government remains committed to combating corruption. In 2013, a sum of RM276 million is allocated to Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission for this cause. For this, the Government will increase an additional of 150 posts annually to reach a total of 5,000 personnel. The measure is expected to help the Government to improve Malaysia’s ranking in the Corruption Perceptions Index.

Driving Community Transformation

102. The Government has launched the Rural Transformation Programme or RTP as a platform to strengthen the development of rural areas. For urban communities, I am pleased to announce the Urban Transformation Programme or UTP. A sum of RM200 million will be allocated for this purpose. To ensure strategic coordination between RTP and UTP, a National Strategic Coordination Unit will be established under the Ministry of Finance.

103. The Urban Transformation Programme is the Government’s initiative in the development of urban community to ensure seamless public and private services that are efficient, fast and easily accessible. The Urban Transformation Centre (UTC) is implemented by refurbishing existing vacant Government buildings or optimising utilisation of buildings with minimum cost. For example, in the UTC, the rakyat will be able to apply for a passport within one hour; pay zakat, utilities and quit rent; buy textiles and books; and to undertake recreational activities such as futsal and gym. The UTC is unique in that it operates daily from 8.30 am to 10 pm, including weekends.

104. Under the UTP, the Government has launched two Urban Transformation Centres or UTCs, namely in Melaka and Kuala Lumpur. On average, the UTC KL receives 4,000 clients per day. The implementation of the UTC will be expanded nationwide in stages to six major locations, namely Alor Setar, Kuantan, Ipoh, Johor Bahru, Kota Kinabalu and Kuching.

Rural Transformation Programme

105. In rural areas, the Government has established the Rural Transformation Centre or RTC in Gopeng, Perak and Wakaf Che Yeh, Kelantan to provide integrated services, including the collection, processing and distribution of agricultural products; banking and insurance; business advisory services; skills and training; clinic; and commercial space. Given the benefits to the local community, the Government will expand the RTC to Melaka, Johor, Pahang and Sarawak. In addition, the Government will upgrade Medan Info Desa to Mini-RTCs nationwide.

Development for Rural Areas and Orang Asli Community

106. Rural areas will continue to be developed to reduce the disparity between urban and rural areas. In 2013, a sum of RM4.5 billion will be allocated to implement various rural infrastructure development projects including :

First: Providing RM1.2 billion to develop 441 kilometres rural roads and village link road projects to benefit 220,000 villagers;

Second: Providing RM1.6 billion for rural utility infrastructure projects which involves water supply to 24,000 houses and electricity supply to 19,000 houses;

Third: Providing RM137 million to finance Program Desa Lestari involving 29 villages nationwide and benefiting 38,000 villagers. Major programmes include upgrading of food and marine product processing plants, construction of new jetties, marketing centres and tourism complexes as well as organising recreational and homestay activities;

Fourth: Providing RM88 million to implement economic development programmes and water supply projects for the Orang Asli community; and

Fifth: Providing RM100 million to supply 40,000 water tanks for rainwater harvesting, particularly in the interiors of Sabah and Sarawak.

Health as the Essence to Well-Being

107. The Government will continue to ensure the rakyat enjoys good health services. For 2013, the Government will allocate RM19.3 billion for operating expenditure and development expenditure.

108. The launching of 1Malaysia clinics has received overwhelming response and benefited local communities in reducing treatment cost and facilitating health services access to treatment. The Government will allocate RM20 million for an additional 70 new 1Malaysia clinics in 2013. 1Malaysia clinics will now provide blood test services which include cholesterol and glucose tests as well as urine tests. In addition, RM100 million is allocated to upgrade 350 clinics nationwide as well as to provide an additional 150 dialysis machines in Government haemodialysis centres across the country

Development of Women, Family and Community

109. Women play an important role in raising happy families as well as contributing towards economic development. For this, the Government allocates RM50 million to support the women’s dual roles by implementing the following measures:

First: A total of 500 women will be trained as board members under the Women Directors’ Programme;

Second: The Single Mothers Skills Incubator Programme (I-KIT) will be improved to provide advisory services and training for single mothers in entrepreneurship;



Get Malaysian Business Online Programme (GMBO) to assist 50,000 small entrepreneurs, particularly women to promote their businesses by increasing their sales online with a grant of RM1,000. SKMM will provide an allocation of RM50 million for this purpose; and

Allocation of RM25,000 for free mammogram examination for women, which is estimated to benefit 100,000 women aged 40 and above.

110. The Government cares for the less fortunate and low-income group, and will ensure that they are not marginalised in the nation’s development. Therefore, the 1Malaysia Welfare Programme (KAR1SMA) under the Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development will be allocated RM1.2 billion comprising assistance programmes for senior citizens, children and disabled workers as well as for chronic illnesses.

111. The Government has launched 1AZAM or Akhiri Zaman Miskin programme to provide opportunities to generate income for the low-income group. The programmes under this initiative are Azam Kerja, Azam Tani, Azam Niaga, Azam Khidmat. For this, the Government allocates RM400 million which is expected to benefit 58,330 participants.

112. A part from this, the Government has provided two Anjung Singgah centres for senior citizens, street children and those who need temporary shelter prior to securing a job or permanent accommodation. For this, the Government will provide six additional Anjung Singgah centres. The Government will also establish five Anjung Kasih in Sibu, Miri, Temerloh, Seremban and Ipoh hospitals to provide temporary and comfortable accommodation for poor patients or family members who accompany the patients.

Youth and Sports

113. Sports is the best catalyst for national unity as it involves all segments of society. Sports personalities such as Lee Chong Wei, Nicol Anne David, Pandelela Rinong, Azizulhasni Awang and Muhamad Ziyad are among the highly regarded heroes and heroines in sports. The nation is proud of their success and achievements in the international arena. The Government places emphasis on continuous sports development and for this, an allocation RM738 million is provided for youth and sports development.

114. The Government will allocate RM15 million to prepare athletes for international sporting events, including the South East Asian Games and ASEAN Para Games in 2013 as well as the Commonwealth Games and Asian Games in 2014. In addition, a sum of RM50 million is allocated for four years, specifically in preparation for the 2016 Olympic Rio under the Road to Rio programme.

115. To encourage the development of cycling and badminton, the Government will build a covered velodrome in Seremban and a Badminton Academy in Bukit Kiara with an allocation of RM80 million.

116. In efforts to produce a young generation with towering personality and integrity as well as creative, innovative and competitive attributes, the Government will launch the Y-Creative Programme involving youth societies nationwide. The Government will also organise the Putrajaya Youth Festival, which will be the largest youth gathering in Malaysia, in conjunction with 2013 as the National Volunteer Year.

117. To assist young ICT entrepreneurs, a New Entrepreneur Foundation (NEF) will be established with an initial allocation of RM50 million. The NEF will be the platform to provide training and guidance programmes.

118. In addition, a Young Entrepreneurs Fund will be established with an allocation of RM50 million by the SME Bank. The soft loans, aimed at youths aged 30 and below, offers a 2% interest rate subsidy for loans up to RM100,000 with a 7- year repayment period.

119. The Government recognises the role of youths in aspiring Malaysia’s development. In this regard, the Government will launch the 1Malaysia For Youth Blue Ocean Competition (1M4U) to enable the youth to present creative and innovative ideas through competition at local, state and national levels. The best three ideas will be awarded funds from the 1Malaysia Volunteer Fund.

120. A majority of the 22% of Malaysians who use smartphones to surf the Internet are youths. To enable the youths to access the information highway, a special package will be introduced by the Government with the cooperation between the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (SKMM) and telecommunications companies. Through the Youth Communication Package, a one-off rebate of RM200 will be provided for the purchase of one unit of 3G smartphone from authorised dealers. The initiative is for youths aged between 21 to 30 years with a monthly income of RM3,000 and below. A sum of RM300 million is allocated benefiting 1.5 million youths.

Recognising Artistes

121. Tapping on the role of artistes in the nation’s development, we acknowledge that the nation’s progress is not solely measured in terms of per capita income and economic growth. It is also measured through several dimensions. The artistes play an important role in enhancing national culture. In appreciating their role, the Government will provide RM6 million for activities and administration expenses to all registered associations.

Expanding Urban Public Transport Network

122. An efficient public transport system, is crucial for development of the community. Following the successful implementation of RapidKL and Rapid Penang, the Government will launch RapidKuantan on 1 December 2012 to provide high- quality bus transport services in Kuantan, which will benefit the rakyat. Additionally, Syarikat Prasarana Negara Berhad is in the process of expanding its services to other locations such as Ipoh, Seremban, Kuching and Kota Kinabalu.

123. The Government is aware of the importance of transport for the public, especially those who live and work in major towns. Currently, the disabled, retirees and students enjoy a 50% discount on KTM Komuter fares. In this regard, I am happy to announce that the Government will extend the discount to all Malaysians with a monthly income of RM3,000 and below and who travel by KTM Komuter.

Housing for Rakyat

124. The Government acknowledges that comfortable and affordable housing is the most important basic necessity for the rakyat. The Government is committed in ensuring that the rakyat has the opportunity to own a house. This is not only an economic imperative, but also a moral imperative for a responsible Government.

Therefore, the Government will make affordable housing a continuous priority. I am happy to announce that the Government will allocate RM1.9 billion to build 123,000 affordable housing units in strategic locations in 2013. The initiative will be implemented by PR1MA, Syarikat Perumahan Nasional Berhad (SPNB) and Jabatan Perumahan Negara.

125. A total of RM500 million will be spent by PR1MA to build 80,000 houses in major locations nationwide with the selling price ranging between RM100,000 and RM400,000 per unit. Among the locations are Kuala Lumpur, Shah Alam, Johor Bahru, Seremban and Kuantan.

126. In addition, PR1MA will provide the Housing Facilitation Fund totalling RM500 million to build houses in collaboration with private housing developers. The house prices under this programme will be 20% lower than the market price and distributed through an open balloting system.

127. Meanwhile RM320 million will be allocated through SPNB to build 22,855 residential units including low and medium-cost apartments, Rumah Mesra Rakyat and Rumah Mampu Milik. SPNB’s housing projects, which will be implemented immediately, include the construction of 1,855 medium-cost apartment units with a built-up area of 850 square feet in Shah Alam and Sungai Buloh. These units will be sold at about RM120,000 to RM220,000 per unit.

128. With regard to Rumah Mesra Rakyat programme, SPNB will build a total of 21,000 houses in 2013. Under this programme, SPNB will construct houses priced at RM65,000 per unit with a subsidy of RM20,000 as well as a 2% subsidy on interest rate.

129. In addition, a sum of RM543 million will be provided to Jabatan Perumahan Negara for the implementation of 45 projects under the Rakyat Housing Programme (PPR) involving 20,454 units which will be constructed through the Industrialised Building System (IBS). These units of houses will be sold at a price between RM30,000 and RM40,000 per unit, much lower than the market price of about RM120,000 per unit. The Government will also allocate 20% of the PPR houses to public sector employees and 1% to the disabled.

130. To enable more Malaysian own their first residential property, My First Home Scheme, which was launched under the previous Budget, will be improved by increasing the income limit for individual loans from RM3,000 to RM5,000 per month or joint loans of husband and wife of up to RM10,000 per month. In addition, the requirement for a savings record equivalent to three months instalment and minimum employment of six months will be abolished.

131. In the 2009 Budget, the Government had given a 50% stamp duty exemption on the instrument of transfer agreements and loan agreements for the purchase of the first residential property of up to RM350,000. The Government proposes that the stamp duty exemption is extended to 31 December 2014 with the price limit on residential properties raised to RM400,000.

Revision of Real Property Gain Tax

132. The limited supply of real property especially in urban areas has provided opportunities for speculative activities. Therefore, the Government proposes the real property gains tax (RPGT) from the disposal of properties made within a period not exceeding 2 years from the date of purchase will be taxed at the rate of between 15% and 10% of disposal of property within a period of 2 to 5 years. For property disposed after 5 years from the date of acquisition, RPGT is not applicable. In addition, gains from the disposal of one residential property once in a lifetime and disposal of properties based on love and affection between husband and wife, parents and children, grandparents and grandchildren are exempted from RPGT.

Tax Incentive for Revival of Abandoned Housing Projects

133. Furthermore, in 2013 the Government will allocate RM100 million to the Ministry of Housing and Local Government to revive 30 abandoned housing projects. In addition, to encourage the involvement of the private sector, the Government will provide tax incentives as follows:

First: Banking institutions be given tax exemption on interest income received from the rescuing contractor/developer;

Second: Rescuing developer be given a double deduction on interest paid and all direct costs incurred in obtaining loans;

Third: Rescuing contractor be given stamp duty exemption on all instruments executed for the purpose of transfer of land or houses and loan agreements to finance the cost of revival; and

Fourth: Original house buyer in the abandoned project be given stamp duty exemption on all instruments executed for the purpose of obtaining additional finance and the transfer of the house.

Assistance and Incentives

Bantuan Rakyat 1Malaysia (BR1M)

134. This is a people’s Government, from the rakyat to the rakyat. The prosperity of the nation and the well-being of the rakyat is our ultimate objective. The Government will not take any action that will jeopardise the future of the people. Others make empty promises; offer free goods and debts that need not be repaid; and promise the moon and the heavens just to gain power. However, as the Minister of Finance, I will not hide the truth though it may be painful. In short, this Government will not mislead the rakyat.

135. In this respect, the Government is currently undertaking a subsidy rationalisation initiative and gradually shift the provision of the bulk of subsidies that lead to leakages, and benefit the high-income group, to targeted subsidies under this principle. In reality, subsidies continue to be given to groups that truly need the subsidies. If the Government continues to provide the bulk of subsidies, it will adversely affect the financial position of the country, and causing the rakyat to bear the consequences, as has been in other countries. As a responsible Government, we will never allow this to occur.

136. In line with the move towards targeted subsidy, the Government is committed in ensuring every segment of the society is able to enjoy the wealth of the nation. This can only occur if the economy continues to record sustainable growth and the nation is able to generate income, I am glad to announce the distribution of Bantuan Rakyat 1Malaysia (BR1M 2.0). The criteria remains the same, where the head of the household earning less than RM3,000 is eligible for the assistance. In addition, I am pleased to announce that this assistance will be extended to single unmarried individuals aged 21 and above and earning not more than RM2,000 a month. This assistance amounts to RM250.

137. As the matter of fact, the assistance to household and single unmarried individuals is not a populist move, but the reflection of a Government that is responsible and capable of managing the nation’s finance prudently. This will benefit 4.3 million households and 2.7 million single unmarried individuals and involve an allocation of RM3 billion. It will be paid effective January 2013. To facilitate implementation, existing BR1M recipients are not required to register for the second time, while new applicants may register commencing November 2012 via online or at the counters of State Development Offices, District Offices and Inland Revenue Board (LHDN) offices nationwide.

138. Moderate intake of sugar is acceptable. However, if taken excessively, it may be harmful. To date, about 2.6 million suffer from diabetes. In this regard, the Government propose to reduce the subsidy on sugar by RM0.20 per kilogramme, effective from 29 September 2012. The Government urges the business community not to burden the rakyat by increasing the price of sugar but instead reduce the content of sugar in food and beverage.

139. I want to stress that the Government is still subsidising RM0.34 per kilogramme on sugar involving an expenditure of RM278 million. The subsidy reduction is supported by consumer association and health practitioners.

140. Furthermore, to maintain the increasing price differential and consumption quota on cooking oil, the Government will provide an allocation of RM1.5 billion to stabilise the prices of cooking oil in the market.

Price Uniformity Scheme

141. Generally, prices of essential goods in Sabah and Sarawak are higher compared with Peninsular Malaysia due to the high cause of delivery and distribution. To reduce the costs and prices of goods, the Government has introduced various initiatives, including the price uniformity programme, provision of transport subsidy as well as opening Kedai Rakyat 1Malaysia (KR1M). For this, the Government will allocate RM386 million to ensure the prices of essential goods in Sabah and Sarawak as well as in Labuan are sold at lower prices through the opening of 57 KR1M; and to bear the cost of delivering products from Peninsular Malaysia to Sabah, Sarawak and Labuan including the interior areas. For example, in Ba’kalalan, Sarawak, the price of a 14 per kg cooking gas cylinder is sold at RM70. With the price uniformity programme, the cooking gas can be purchased at only RM26.60 per cylinder.

142. In addition, to reduce the burden of the rakyat who commute daily by ferry from Labuan to Sabah and Sarawak, the Government will provide a 50% discount on ferry charges to all passengers. Furthermore, 50% discounts will also be provided on ferry charges for commercial vehicles that transport basic essential goods and construction materials to Labuan.

Facilitating Hajj Pilgrimage

143. It is once again the season for Muslims to head towards Baitullah. In the 2012 Budget, I announced that EPF contributors can make early registration to fulfil the 5th principle (Rukun Islam) through ring-fencing the Account 2 amounting RM1,300. Praise be on the Almighty, as to date, a total of 51,528 contributors have used this initiative. As an additional measure to assist the potential hajj pilgrims, I would like to announce that potential hajj pilgrims who contribute to the EPF, will now be allowed to withdraw their savings from Account 2 to meet hajj cost. The initiative is limited to jemaah muassasah with a maximum withdrawal of up to RM3,000.

Tax Revision on Individual Income and Cooperatives

144. The Government is concerned about the rising cost of living on the rakyat as well as their income tax liabilities. The Government has provided 20 individual tax reliefs and two tax rebates. With these tax reliefs and rebates, only 1.7 million persons pay tax compared to the overall workforce of 12 million.

145. In the transition process from the current tax system, based on income to a tax system that is fairer, the Government proposes that individual income tax rate be reduced by 1 percentage point for each grouped annual income tax exceeding RM2,500 to RM50,000. The measure will remove 170,000 taxpayers from paying tax as well as provide savings on their tax payment. As an example, unmarried young professional with a monthly income of RM5,000 will enjoy income tax savings up to RM425 per person.

146. Meanwhile, to continue spearheading the transformation of the cooperative movement, the Government proposes that cooperative income tax rate be reduced between 1 to 7 percentage points on income tax groups. With this, 7 million cooperative members will enjoy this benefit as an encouragement to increase entrepreneurial participation in business.

Easing the Burden of Bus Operators

147. The Government is concerned about the safety of children travelling by school buses, particularly buses in poor condition. These buses are in poor condition because the operators are unable to bear the rising cost of maintenance as most of the buses have exceeded their economic life span. For this, the Government proposes school bus operators to be given, firstly, assistance of RM10,000 cash rebate and a 2% interest rate subsidy on full loans for the purchase of new buses to replace buses that have exceeded 25 years with new 12 to 18- seater buses. This loan scheme, managed by BSN, will be offered for a period of two years commencing 1 January 2013.

148. Secondly, provide insurance coverage in the event of accidents, total and permanent disability and death for all school children who travel by school buses with permits. This effort will benefit two million students with maximum coverage of RM100,000 and premium cost of RM40 million per year for a period of two years that will be regulated by Land Public Transport Commission (SPAD).

Reducing Students’ Cost of Learning

149. The Government is very concerned about students’ welfare, particularly those from low-income families. The Government continuous to provide special allocations to primary and secondary school students which include per capita grant, hostel meal assistance programme, Food Supplement Programme (RMT), purchase of text books and assistance for payment of additional school fees. For this, RM2.6 billion will be allocated for 2013.

150. In the 2012 Budget, I announced Schooling Assistance of RM100 to all primary and secondary students. Towards easing the burden of the low and medium-income families, the Government will once again provide the Schooling Assistance of RM100 to all primary and secondary students. This assistance is expected to benefit 5.4 million students involving an allocation of RM540 million and will commence January 2013.

151. The Government will continue the 1Malaysia Book Voucher programme for all students in institutions of higher learning (IPT) and at pre-university level. I am pleased to announce that the value of the voucher will be increased from RM200 to RM250. The measure will involve an allocation of RM325 million and benefit 1.3 million students nationwide.

152. The Government is very concerned about the cost of higher education. To ease financial burden of parents, the Government proposes that the existing tax relief on the children’s higher education amounting to RM4,000 per person be increased to RM6,000, commencing from year of assessment 2013. The measure reflects the Government’s commitment and focus on investment to enhance the level of education of the young generation that will benefit the country in the future.

153. To encourage the savings habit for education, I am pleased to announce that the current relief of RM3,000 for savings in the National Education Savings Scheme (SSPN) will be increased to RM6,000.

154. According to the law, debts must be repaid. The PTPTN loan is a privilege, not a right. If the loan is not repaid, it denies the rights of future students to access financing. Therefore, to facilitate loan repayment process, the Government will introduce several incentives. First, repayment of full loan within a year upon this announcement effective from 1 October 2012 until 30 September 2013, a discount of 20% will be given on their loan.

155. Meanwhile, for those with consistent repayment of PTPTN loan in accordance to their repayment schedule, a 10% discount per annum on their repayment will be given effective from 1 October 2012. As we are aware, there are parties who propose to abolish the overall PTPTN debt. This action is deemed irresponsible. If abolished who shall bear the outstanding debt of PTPTN amounting to RM30 billion. Would it not be the rakyat who will be burdened? Is it an act of responsibility if we are the borrowers, but the rakyat are the ones who have to pay?

Broadband Programme for Urban Poor

156. The Government will establish 100 1Malaysia Internet Centres from 2013 to 2015 in suitable areas in the city such as PPR locations. The centres will be equipped with computer facilities and broadband services for daily usage and will enhance the socio-economic activities. For this, SKMM will provide an allocation of RM150 million.

Promoting Corporate Social Responsibilities (CSR)

157. The Government hopes that the private sector, corporate bodies as well as Government-Linked Companies (GLCs) will play a bigger role in the development and the well-being of the rakyat through Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). To support the Government’s effort to intensify CSR activities, the following programmes will be implemented by GLCs and various agencies:

First: Felda will implement and complete new generation housing projects amounting to 20,000 units for a period of five years on 5,000 acres of land in Felda areas. The project will cost a sum of RM1.5 billion. In addition, Felda will allocate RM60 million to revive traditional village houses in the Felda areas. Felda will also spend RM100 million a year for education and skills training programme as well as scholarships for 5,000 new generation children from which 30% or 2,000 people are children outside the Felda scheme;

Second: The 1Malaysian Development Berhad Trust will allocate RM300 million to provide education grants and financial assistance to build rumah arau pre-school students in the interior of Sarawak, 1Malaysia Mobile Clinic and repair houses for the poor and needy; and

Third: Government-Linked Investment Companies (GLICs) and GLCs will allocate about RM500 for CSR in community development, scholarships, education, sports and environment.

158. No matter how good is a policy enacted by the Government, it will be meaningless without efficient and effective implementation. The Government is grateful to all civil servants who are a part of the Government administrative machinery in implementing policy regardless of whether they are in districts, local authorities, states or Federal Agencies.

159. The Government also takes this opportunity to acknowledge the role played by the Ministry of Finance as the implementor of the national fiscal policy, Bank Negara Malaysia, which is responsible for monetary policy and the Security Commission oversees the integrity of the domestic capital market.

160. Hence, as a token of the Government’s appreciation, I am pleased to announce a bonus of one and a half months salary. As we know, of this total, half a month bonus was paid during the past Aidilfiltri, another half month bonus given end-of December 2012, and January 2013, respectively. It is hoped that this bonus will reduce the burden on civil servants, especially families at the beginning of school year.


161. The new budget that I have tabled for 2013 is the last budget before the 13th General Election. This is among the series of budgets that will propel this beloved nation towards achieving the national vision.

162. With the permission of the Almighty, and the support of the rakyat, god willing we will witness six more budgets to be tabled by the Barisan Nasional Government before transforming Malaysia from middle to a high income and developed country.

163. As a party with the mandate, we urge the rakyat to evaluate critically and rationally each and every successful record of the Barisan Nasional. Over the last 55 years, the Barisan Nasional Government and the earlier Perikatan Government have created a better quality of life for the rakyat.

164. We are aware that there are parties requesting to be given a chance to form the next Government. In a democratic country, we understand that they too have their rights. It is the rakyat who ultimately decides who will be given the mandate through the ballot box.

165. The time has arrived when every rakyat will soon make a choice in determining their future as well as that of their children. An important question to ask in making that decision is whether life today is better than yesterday, and whether tomorrow gives hope that is full of possibilities and potential. If the answer is yes, please give the mandate to the present Government to further improve what we have today, without any hesitation.

166. We recognise that the Barisan Nasional Government is not without fault, but what differentiates us from others is that they do not have the courage to accept mistakes. On the other hand, they make excuses and to find fault in others.

167. Ultimately, parties that offer an alternative must also be evaluated on their merit. The rakyat knows them well. Among them, there are those who were trusted as leaders to manage the nation’s wealth. Furthermore in many states they are heading the Government.

168. If today they make promises, the rakyat must ask why is this leadership, while in power, did not take any action. When they had the opportunity; and did not implement what they promised, what guarantee is there that they will fulfil promises when they are in power?

169. Wasn’t it during the Asian financial crisis that the country was almost destroyed? And today, in the states that are administered by them, their manifestos contain only promises. Can they be trusted when in power?

170. This is contrary to the conduct of Barisan Nasional Government, when we make promises, we fulfil them. As a matter of fact, even before making promises, we

are responsible in ensuring that we are capable of fulfilling them. In trying to win, they are willing to do anything but when they win all their promises will be forgotten.

171. According to Plato, ‘The measure of a man is what he does with power’. There are parties who are willing to sacrifice everything simply for the sake of power. The Barisan Nasional Government is guided by “fastabiqul khairat” as written in Al-Quran that I had recited earlier, which is to do good. The parties on the other side are guided by the “fastabiqul fasad” that is they will not hesitate to do bad.

172. The Barisan Nasional Government fosters racial unity which is the basis for national stability. But other parties, however others who want to be in power are sowing seeds of conflict and hate. This Government has been accused of several wrongdoings according to their own whims and fancy.

173. Thus, I urge Malaysians to judge the Barisan Nasional Government on its merits. Please join my colleagues and I to fulfil our potential towards developing a country that we can be truly proud of. A country where the weak are protected, those in need get help, the strong protect, the young loved, the elderly are valued, those in need assisted, and those with potentials given opportunities.

174. Truly, we want Malaysia to be well known internationally, prosperous and peaceful. With His Blessings, and the support of the rakyat we will make it a reality. To You, Allah we submit.

Versi Bahasa Melayu






Saya mohon mencadangkan supaya Rang Undang-undang bertajuk “Suatu Akta bagi menggunakan sejumlah wang daripada Kumpulan Wang Disatukan untuk perkhidmatan bagi tahun 2013 dan bagi memperuntukkan wang itu untuk perkhidmatan bagi tahun itu” dibaca bagi kali kedua.


Saya mulakan lafaz ucapan Bajet 2013 dengan kalimah mulia Bismillahirrahmanirrahim dan memetik sepotong ayat dari Surah Al-Baqarah yang diturunkan di Madinah, bahawa :

“Berlumba-lumbalah kamu mengerjakan kebaikan, kerana di mana sahaja kamu berada pasti Allah akan menghimpunkan kamu semua pada hari kiamat untuk menerima balasan. Sesungguhnya Allah Maha Berkuasa atas tiap-tiap sesuatu.”

1. Saya berdiri di dewan yang mulia pada petang Jumaat yang berbahagia, penghulu segala hari, untuk membentangkan bajet kelima bagi pihak Kerajaan semenjak mula memegang amanah selaku Menteri Kewangan Malaysia pada tahun 2008. Syukur ke hadrat Allah SWT kerana di atas limpah rahmatNya jua, kita telah menyaksikan sepanjang tempoh tersebut, melalui usaha kolektif rakan-rakan anggota pentadbiran dengan sokongan ahli-ahli parlimen, penjawat awam dan seluruh rakyat Malaysia, negara tercinta ini telah berjaya dilindungi daripada kesan terburuk akibat kegawatan kewangan global. Bahkan, ekonomi negara telah diletakkan di landasan pertumbuhan mapan ke arah transformasi sebagai sebuah negara maju berpendapatan tinggi. Manakala kesejahteraan rakyat pula telah dipertingkatkan secara berterusan.

2. Sesungguhnya, Bajet 2013 ini sebagai penerus tradisi terbaik Kerajaan Barisan Nasional memakmurkan negara dan membawa kesejahteraan kepada semua rakyat. Ia manifestasi sebuah janji yang ditepati. Sejak 55 tahun lalu, pada setiap peringkat pembangunan negara, rakyat Malaysia telah meletakkan kepercayaan mereka kepada Kerajaan yang sama. Terima kasih kita ucapkan atas kepercayaan tersebut. Sekali-kali sepanjang masa dan musim berguling ia tidak pernah dikhianati, sebaliknya pada setiap ketika ia telah dibalas dengan laba pada julat berganda.

3. Kerajaan ini hakikatnya tidak pernah menjanjikan bulan, bintang mahupun cakerawala. Kita tidak pernah melakar lukisan yang pada hari ini 2

tampak muluk-muluk dan indah tetapi sebenarnya berupa racun yang berbisa. Sebagai Kerajaan yang bertanggungjawab, kita tetap menceritakan kebenaran biarpun kelat. Kita tidak pernah mendodoi rakyat dengan dogengan lipurlara sebaliknya sentiasa menawarkan penyelesaian serta kepimpinan bitara terhadap segala permasalahan rakyat.

4. Telah terbukti tanpa tersanggah lagi bahawa ekonomi Malaysia merupakan ekonomi berteraskan rakyat. Ia hasil wawasan dan aspirasi rakyat. Ia merupakan manifestasi kerja keras dan jerih payah rakyat. Ia sumbangan masyarakat desa dan bandar, golongan profesional serta pekerja kolar biru, petani, buruh, peladang, pekebun kecil, nelayan, guru, pensyarah dan karyawan. Didukung pula para penjawat awam dan usahawan. Di atas segalanya, ia diuruskan secara teliti dan berhemah oleh Kerajaan yang meletakkan kebajikan rakyat di atas jemalanya. Inilah formula kejayaan Malaysia.

5. Sayugia, mengurus sebuah negara majmuk yang kompleks seperti Malaysia bukan perkara mudah. Ia memerlukan keikhlasan dan kebijaksanaan kerana rakyat Malaysia amat cerdik menilai yang mana intan dan yang mana kaca. Hakikat rakyat telah memberi mandat kepada Kerajaan ini sebanyak 12 kali tanpa putus semenjak 1959 bermakna sesuatu yang betul telah dilakukan oleh Kerajaan sedia ada.

6. Sesungguhnya waad yang wujud itu, di antara rakyat dan Kerajaan selama ini mana mungkin mampu dipunahkan waima sekuat mana pun fitnah dan mehnah melanda. Sehubungan itu, naskah bajet yang akan saya persembahkan ini merupakan sebuah penghargaan kepada seluruh rakyat Malaysia lantaran terus meletakkan kepercayaan kepada kami di sepanjang ketika.


7. Kerajaan komited dalam memastikan pertumbuhan ekonomi negara terus berkembang meskipun dalam persekitaran global yang tidak menentu dan mencabar. Asas ekonomi yang kukuh serta disokong oleh sistem monetari akomodatif telah membolehkan ekonomi negara berada di landasan teguh. Dalam tempoh separuh pertama 2012, ekonomi negara tumbuh pada kadar 5.1 peratus didorong, terutamanya oleh kekukuhan aktiviti pelaburan dan penggunaan swasta. Negara terus menerima kemasukan pelaburan langsung asing bersih berjumlah 13.6 bilion ringgit selaras dengan peningkatan keyakinan pelabur terhadap Malaysia sebagai destinasi pelaburan pilihan utama.

8. Bagi keseluruhan tahun 2012, walaupun pertumbuhan ekonomi dan perdagangan dunia sederhana, pertumbuhan ekonomi negara dijangka berkembang kukuh pada kadar 4.5 hingga 5 peratus. Pertumbuhan ini dipacu oleh pelaburan swasta sebanyak 11.7 peratus atau mencapai 127.9 bilion ringgit. Prestasi ini jauh lebih besar berbanding jumlah pelaburan sebanyak 81 bilion ringgit pada tahun 2009. Trend ini menunjukkan aktiviti pelaburan domestik semakin rancak, terutama dengan pelaksanaan projek-projek di bawah Program Transformasi Ekonomi. Ini mendorong sektor pembinaan terus melonjak tinggi sebanyak 15.5 peratus berbanding 4.6 peratus pada tahun 2011.

9. Persekitaran ekonomi domestik yang mantap juga mendorong bursa saham mencatat prestasi yang menggalakkan. Ini terbukti dengan Indeks Komposit Bursa Malaysia telah mencecah rekod tertinggi 1,654.11 mata pada 4 September 2012. Nilai modal pasaran telah meningkat sebanyak 44 peratus daripada 999 bilion ringgit pada akhir tahun 2009 kepada 1.43 trilion ringgit pada akhir Julai 2012. Pendapatan per kapita pula meningkat kepada hampir 31 ribu ringgit pada tahun 2012 berbanding 25 ribu ringgit pada tahun 2009. Rizab antarabangsa pada 14 September 2012 pula kekal kukuh mencatat 432.2 bilion ringgit, mampu membiayai 9.5 bulan import tertangguh dan 3.9 kali hutang luar jangka pendek.

10. Pada tahun 2013, berdasarkan persekitaran ekonomi global yang dijangka lebih baik, pertumbuhan ekonomi negara diunjur berkembang lebih kukuh pada kadar 4.5 hingga 5.5 peratus. Julung kalinya, Keluaran Dalam Negeri Kasar (KDNK) nominal dijangka melepasi paras 1 trilion ringgit. Pertumbuhan lebih baik ini didorong oleh pelaburan dan penggunaan swasta sebanyak 13.3 peratus dan 5.7 peratus. Sektor pembinaan dijangka terus meningkat kukuh 11.2 peratus diikuti oleh sektor perkhidmatan pada kadar 5.6 peratus.


11. Bajet 2013 akan menyediakan peruntukan sejumlah 251.6 bilion ringgit bagi melaksanakan semua langkah, program dan projek pembangunan, menumpukan kepada kesejahteraan rakyat dan pembangunan negara. Daripada jumlah tersebut, 201.9 bilion ringgit adalah bagi perbelanjaan mengurus dan 49.7 bilion ringgit bagi peruntukan pembangunan.

12. Di bawah peruntukan mengurus, sejumlah 58.6 bilion ringgit adalah bagi Emolumen dan 33.7 bilion ringgit disediakan bagi Perkhidmatan dan Bekalan. Manakala, 107.3 bilion ringgit diperuntukkan kepada Pemberian dan Kenaan Bayaran Tetap. Sejumlah 1.1 bilion ringgit disediakan untuk Pembelian Aset dan baki 1.2 bilion ringgit untuk perbelanjaan lain.

13. Bagi peruntukan pembangunan pula, sejumlah 30 bilion ringgit disediakan bagi sektor ekonomi untuk menampung keperluan infrastruktur, perindustrian serta pertanian dan pembangunan luar bandar. Sejumlah 11.1 bilion ringgit diperuntukkan bagi sektor sosial, termasuk pendidikan dan latihan, kesihatan, kebajikan, perumahan serta pembangunan masyarakat. Seterusnya, 4.6 bilion ringgit diperuntukkan bagi pembangunan sektor keselamatan, 2 bilion ringgit bagi pentadbiran am dan 2 bilion ringgit untuk simpanan luar jangka.

14. Dari segi kutipan hasil Kerajaan Persekutuan bagi tahun 2013, jumlahnya dianggarkan 208.6 bilion ringgit, berbanding 207.2 bilion ringgit 5

pada tahun 2012. Dengan mengambil kira anggaran hasil dan perbelanjaan, defisit Kerajaan Persekutuan akan terus berkurangan kepada 4.0 peratus daripada KDNK bagi tahun 2013, berbanding 4.5 peratus pada tahun 2012. Ini menunjukkan Kerajaan komited untuk terus mengurangkan defisit fiskal ke paras lebih rendah.


15. Bajet 2013 digubal dengan fokus untuk meningkatkan taraf hidup rakyat di seluruh negara, memastikan pertumbuhan ekonomi mapan, perbelanjaan berhemah dan mengurangkan defisit fiskal negara dengan matlamat keseluruhan mengutamakan kesejahteraan rakyat. Kerajaan akan memastikan rakyat mendapat perkhidmatan terbaik serta manfaat maksimum hasil daripada pelaksanaan program dan projek pembangunan. Oleh itu, Bajet 2013 dirangka bertemakan “MEMAKMUR NEGARA, MENSEJAHTERA RAKYAT: SEBUAH JANJI DITEPATI” dengan memberi penekanan kepada lima fokus utama.


16. Pertumbuhan ekonomi negara akan terus dipacu oleh pelaburan langsung asing dan domestik. Dalam tempoh separuh pertama 2012, pelaburan swasta meningkat kepada 75.3 bilion ringgit berbanding 59.8 bilion ringgit bagi tempoh yang sama tahun 2011. Trend ini dijangka berterusan dalam tahun 2013 dengan pelaburan swasta dijangka meningkat kepada 148.4 bilion ringgit.

17. Kerajaan akan terus memperhebatkan pelaksanaan 12 Bidang Utama Ekonomi Negara. Sejumlah 3 bilion ringgit diperuntukkan bagi pelaksanaan projek permulaan bagi tahun 2013. Ini termasuk 1.5 bilion ringgit bagi projek pertanian seperti kelapa sawit, getah, herba bernilai tinggi dan padi. Sebanyak 500 juta ringgit diperuntukkan untuk projek River of Life bagi mengindahkan Sungai Klang. Manakala, 300 juta ringgit lagi untuk projek pemulihan rangkaian paip dan pembentungan bagi perkhidmatan dan kemudahan air.

Menggalak Pelaburan Domestik

18. Seterusnya, bagi merangsang pelaburan domestik dan mempercepatkan penyertaan syarikat Malaysia dalam rantaian bekalan global, Kerajaan telah menyediakan Dana Strategik Pelaburan Domestik bernilai 1 bilion ringgit di bawah Lembaga Pembangunan Pelaburan Malaysia. Dana ini bertujuan memanfaatkan aktiviti penyumberan luar dan pemerolehan teknologi oleh syarikat tempatan. Selain itu, Kerajaan juga memperkenalkan semula insentif pengambilalihan syarikat asing dan kadar cukai khas bagi menggalakkan penyedia perkhidmatan tempatan bergabung menjadi entiti lebih besar.

Mempergiat Perusahaan Kecil dan Sederhana

19. Seperti kita maklum, Perusahaan Kecil dan Sederhana (PKS) memainkan peranan penting dalam transformasi ekonomi negara. Bagi mempercepatkan pertumbuhan industri PKS dan perluasan skop kawasan industri di seluruh negara, dana sebanyak 1 bilion ringgit akan disediakan di bawah Skim Pembangunan PKS bawah kendalian SME Bank. Langkah ini memudahkan akses PKS untuk mendapat pembiayaan dan seterusnya memajukan perniagaan mereka.

20. Ini selari dengan Pelan Induk PKS (2012 – 2020) yang telah dilancarkan yang bertindak sebagai ‘game changer’ untuk mempercepatkan pertumbuhan PKS melalui inovasi dan produktiviti. Pelan induk ini melibatkan pelaksanaan 32 inisiatif termasuk 6 Program Berimpak Tinggi dengan peruntukan 30 juta ringgit.

21. Dalam mempergiatkan Industri Halal, terutamanya membangunkan produk-produk halal berimpak tinggi untuk tujuan eksport, SME Bank dengan kerjasama Bank Pembangunan Islam akan menyediakan Dana Industri Halal sebanyak 200 juta ringgit bagi membiayai modal kerja PKS terlibat.

22. Pada masa ini, terdapat 1.5 juta penjaja dan peniaga kecil menjalankan perniagaan secara tradisional dengan struktur perniagaan kecil dan pendapatan harian tidak menentu. Sehubungan itu, sebagai tanda keprihatinan dengan kekangan yang dihadapi oleh mereka sekiranya berlaku kemudaratan diri, hilang upaya serta kematian, Kerajaan mencadangkan skim perlindungan insurans berkelompok kepada penjaja dan peniaga kecil yang berdaftar dengan Suruhanjaya Syarikat Malaysia. Skim ini akan memberi had perlindungan maksimum sehingga 5,000 ringgit. Buat pertama kalinya, Kerajaan akan membiayai skim ini dengan peruntukan sebanyak 16 juta ringgit setahun.

23. Di samping itu, Perbadanan Nasional Berhad (PNS) akan memperkenalkan program Business In Transformation bagi menyokong usaha bersepadu memodenkan perniagaan golongan penjaja dan peniaga kecil kepada standard yang lebih tinggi dan berdaya saing dengan menggunakan model licensing atau franchising. Program ini akan memberi bimbingan dan khidmat nasihat ke atas konsep perniagaan baru seperti kedai bergerak, kiosk dan perniagaan atas talian. Untuk ini, PNS akan menyediakan kemudahan kepada penjaja dan peniaga kecil dengan pinjaman sehingga 25 ribu ringgit bagi licensee dan 500 ribu ringgit kepada licensor.

Malaysia Sebagai Hab Minyak dan Gas

24. Kita bersyukur kerana dikurniakan punca galian berharga iaitu minyak dan gas asli di pesisir pantai. Kerajaan bermatlamat menjadikan Malaysia daripada sekadar pengeluar, kepada salah satu hab dagangan minyak dan gas bersepadu utama dunia.

25. Jadi, Kerajaan telah mengambil beberapa langkah strategik meningkatkan keupayaan negara terutamanya dalam menyediakan ekosistem yang berupaya menyokong pembangunan rantaian penapisan, penyimpanan dan dagangan. Bagi mendokong penglibatan pengusaha swasta dalam pembangunan industri minyak dan gas, pelbagai insentif cukai dan insentif bukan cukai istimewa telah dirangka. Ini termasuk bantuan kos pengambilalihan tanah dan bantuan kewangan sebagai tipping point projek perkongsian awam swasta, pengecualian cukai pendapatan 100 peratus untuk tempoh 10 tahun, pengecualian cukai pegangan dan pengecualian duti setem.

26. Bagi pelaburan dalam aktiviti penapisan produk petroleum, Elaun Cukai Pelaburan sebanyak 100 peratus untuk tempoh 10 tahun diberi kepada yang layak. Hasil insentif, pelbagai projek pelaburan minyak dan gas bernilai 20 bilion dolar US telah dimulakan termasuk projek Petronas Refinery and Petrochemical Integrated Development atau Rapid, Terminal Simpanan Minyak dan Gas di Johor, Loji Regasifikasi di Melaka dan terminal minyak serta gas di Sipitang, Sabah.

27. Pada tahun lepas, Kerajaan juga telah melancarkan Program Global Incentive for Trading atau GIFT dengan galakan cukai pada kadar 3 peratus. Sehubungan dengan permintaan global LNG yang dijangka mencecah 400 juta tan setahun pada tahun 2025, program GIFT ditambah baik dengan pengecualian cukai pendapatan 100 peratus ke atas pendapatan berkanun untuk tempoh 3 tahun pertama operasi bagi syarikat dagangan. Dagangan komoditi yang diluluskan akan diperluaskan kepada lain-lain komoditi seperti pertanian, bahan mentah bertapis, logam asas dan kimia.

Merancak Sektor Pelancongan

28. Industri pelancongan merupakan satu sektor pertumbuhan ekonomi penting yang menyumbang hampir 12 peratus KDNK. Jumlah pendapatan daripada sektor pelancongan dianggar akan meningkat kepada 62 bilion ringgit pada tahun 2012. Sempena Tahun Melawat Malaysia 2013/2014, Kerajaan akan memperuntukkan sebanyak 358 juta ringgit di bawah perbelanjaan pembangunan iaitu peningkatan peruntukan sebanyak 42 peratus dengan sasaran pelancong seramai 26.8 juta orang. Kerajaan juga mencadangkan lanjutan pengecualian cukai pendapatan selama 3 tahun bagi pengusaha pelancongan yang mengendalikan sekurang-kurangnya 750 pelancong asing atau 1,500 pelancong tempatan setahun.

Meningkat Aktiviti Pertanian

29. Di sudut lain, Kerajaan akan terus memberi penekanan kepada sektor pertanian dalam usaha untuk meningkatkan pendapatan negara dan memastikan kelestarian jaminan bekalan makanan. Diperuntukkan sebanyak 5.8 bilion ringgit, kepada Kementerian Pertanian dan Industri Asas Tani.

30. Kerajaan menyediakan sebanyak 30 juta ringgit bagi pembangunan program pertanian merangkumi aplikasi penggunaan teknologi tinggi dalam pengeluaran buah dan sayuran, peningkatan pembekalan benih berkualiti, penstabilan harga melalui jualan terus dari ladang, pewujudan pasar ikan rakyat serta penambahbaikan institusi latihan pertanian. Kerajaan juga mempersiapkan sebanyak 75 juta ringgit bagi meningkatkan pengeluaran produk makanan dan kesihatan.

31. Bagi sektor perladangan pula, di bawah NKEA, sebanyak 432 juta ringgit disediakan untuk program penanaman semula pokok kelapa sawit. Langkah ini akan meningkatkan tuaian hasil buah sawit setahun pada kadar 26.2 tan sehektar pada tahun 2020 berbanding 21 tan sehektar pada masa ini. Di samping itu, sebanyak 127 juta ringgit disediakan untuk pembangunan bahan terbitan oleo bernilai tinggi yang dapat mengubah komposisi industri hiliran ke arah pengeluaran lebih banyak bahan terbitan.

Kelestarian Jaminan Bekalan Makanan

32. Berkaitan kelestarian jaminan bekalan makanan pada masa akan datang, kawasan jelapang padi sedia ada akan ditambahbaik dengan sistem pengurusan tanamannya secara sistematik. Sebagai tambahan, 4 kawasan jelapang padi baru akan dibuka dan diperluas iaitu di Kota Belud, Batang Lupar, Rompin dan Pekan. Pada masa ini, kawasan jelapang padi bertanam adalah seluas 389 ribu hektar yang mampu menghasilkan sebanyak 1.8 juta tan metrik. Pertambahan 4 lagi kawasan jelapang padi baru seluas 19 ribu hektar dengan penyertaan seramai 12,237 pesawah dijangka menghasilkan 104 ribu tan metrik dengan perbelanjaan sebanyak 140 juta ringgit.

Membela Nasib Petani dan Nelayan

33. Kerajaan amat menghargai sumbangan para nelayan dan sentiasa memastikan kedudukan sosioekonomi golongan ini bertambah baik dan pendapatan mereka meningkat. Pada masa ini, Kerajaan memberi elaun bantuan sara hidup 200 ringgit sebulan yang dapat memanfaatkan 55 ribu nelayan berdaftar. Kerajaan juga menyediakan insentif pada kadar 10 sen hingga 20 sen sekilo bagi menggalakkan nelayan mendaratkan hasil tangkapan di jeti-jeti berdaftar seluruh negara.

34. Kerajaan juga telah memperkenalkan skim perlindungan insurans nelayan dengan perlindungan maksimum 100 ribu ringgit. Meneruskan hasrat ini, bagi tahun 2013, Kerajaan akan memperuntukkan 230 juta ringgit sebagai insentif tangkapan ikan dan bayaran elaun bantuan sara hidup nelayan. Di samping itu, berdasarkan peruntukan 300 juta ringgit pada Bajet 2012, program pembangunan dan pembaikan rumah nelayan sedang giat dijalankan.

35. Bagi membantu para petani mengurangkan kos pengeluaran pula, Kerajaan akan meneruskan pemberian subsidi dan insentif pertanian sedia ada berjumlah 2.4 bilion ringgit. Bantuan ini termasuk subsidi dan insentif untuk sektor padi yang merangkumi Pemberian Subsidi Harga Padi – 480 juta ringgit, Pemberian Subsidi Baja Padi – 465 juta ringgit, Insentif Peningkatan Hasil Padi

– 80 juta ringgit, Insentif Pengeluaran Padi – 563 juta ringgit, Subsidi Harga Beras – 528 juta ringgit dan Subsidi Benih Padi Sah – 85 juta ringgit.

36. Selaras dengan komitmen untuk menjaga kebajikan rakyat, terutama pengusaha sawah, buat julung kalinya, Kerajaan akan memperkenalkan Skim Perlindungan Takaful Padi. Skim ini memberi kemudahan perlindungan kepada pengusaha sawah di bawah 10 hektar dan dijangka dapat memanfaatkan 172 ribu pesawah. Jumlah pampasan yang dapat diterima dianggarkan bernilai 13 ribu ringgit setiap pesawah. Buat permulaan, Kerajaan akan memperuntukkan 50 juta ringgit.

37. Selain itu, Kerajaan akan meneruskan Projek Azam Tani yang diperkenalkan pada tahun 2011. Program ini telah berjaya mengeluarkan seramai 1,234 keluarga daripada garis kemiskinan dengan purata pendapatan meningkat di antara 200 hingga 2,000 ringgit sebulan malah beberapa peserta telah berjaya mendapat pendapatan melebihi 10 ribu ringgit sebulan. Untuk memperkasakan lagi usaha ini, sebanyak 41 juta ringgit akan diperuntukkan bagi memberi manfaat kepada 6,730 peserta.

Mencergaskan Pasaran Modal dan Kewangan

38. Pasaran modal negara berkembang pesat walaupun terdapat ketidaktentuan dalam ekonomi global. Malaysia terus menerajui terbitan sukuk dengan menyumbang 71 peratus atau 171 bilion ringgit daripada jumlah terbitan sukuk global dalam tempoh tujuh bulan pertama 2012. Ini terbukti dengan terbitan sukuk tunggal terbesar di dunia oleh PLUS Berhad bernilai 30.6 bilion ringgit.

39. Di samping itu, industri pengurusan dana dan amanah saham menunjukkan pertumbuhan kukuh dalam tempoh pertama 2012 dengan aset yang diuruskan meningkat kepada 451.9 bilion ringgit dan nilai aset bersih sebanyak 277.8 bilion ringgit.

40. Pada tahun 2012, pasaran ekuiti negara telah mencatat peningkatan yang monumental dengan menyaksikan tawaran awam awal atau IPO yang bernilai 17.4 bilion ringgit. Ia merupakan peningkatan 162 peratus berbanding 2011. Sejarah tercipta apabila dua daripada tiga IPO terbesar di dunia iaitu Felda Global Ventures Holdings (FGVH) dengan nilai 9.9 bilion ringgit dan IHH Healthcare Berhad dengan nilai 6.3 bilion ringgit telah diterbitkan. Terkini, Astro akan disenaraikan pada bulan Oktober 2012 dengan jangkaan nilai terbitan yang besar.

41. Untuk terus mencergaskan pasaran modal dan ekuiti negara, Suruhanjaya Sekuriti akan menyediakan rangka kerja bagi terbitan AgroSukuk untuk syarikat yang terlibat dalam sektor pertanian, terutamanya dengan kejayaan penyenaraian FGVH. Dengan terdapatnya instrumen seperti AgroSukuk, ia dapat mengumpulkan modal bagi membiayai syarikat-syarikat pertanian dan industri asas tani. Justeru, untuk menggalakkan terbitan AgroSukuk, Kerajaan mencadangkan perbelanjaan bagi menerbitkan sukuk tersebut diberi potongan cukai dua kali bagi tempoh 4 tahun mulai tahun taksiran 2012 hingga 2015.

42. Selain daripada pelabur institusi, buat pertama kalinya, Kerajaan menggalakkan pelabur runcit menyertai pasaran modal. Bagi tujuan ini, SC telah menyediakan satu rangka kerja terbitan bon dan sukuk runcit untuk membolehkan pelabur-pelabur runcit memiliki pegangan dalam pasaran bon dan sukuk. Sebagai permulaan, DanaInfra Nasional Berhad akan menerbitkan bon runcit bernilai 300 juta pada akhir tahun 2012 untuk membiayai pembangunan projek MRT.

43. Bagi mendorong syarikat menerbitkan bon dan sukuk runcit, Kerajaan mencadangkan perbelanjaan tambahan menerbitkan bon dan sukuk runcit tersebut diberi potongan cukai dua kali mulai tahun taksiran 2012 hingga 2015. Pada masa yang sama, pelabur individu pula, diberi pengecualian duti setem ke atas surat cara yang terlibat dalam urus niaga bon dan sukuk runcit.

44. Suruhanjaya Sekuriti akan menubuhkan Pusat Promosi Pasaran Modal bagi memastikan keberkesanan dan promosi secara holistik pasaran modal 13

Malaysia di peringkat antarabangsa. Pusat ini akan memastikan pendekatan bersepadu dengan menyediakan inisiatif yang konsisten untuk menempatkan Malaysia sebagai destinasi pelaburan dan pendanaan.

45. Bagi meningkatkan penawaran golongan profesional untuk menyokong pertumbuhan pasaran modal, SC akan memperkenalkan inisiatif Graduate Representative Program. Program ini akan dilaksanakan dengan kerjasama sektor swasta bagi melatih 1,000 graduan supaya dapat memenuhi keperluan industri sekuriti dan derivatif.

Menggalakkan Amanah Perniagaan

46. Pengendalian perniagaan melalui suatu entiti amanah mempunyai kelebihan tertentu, terutamanya dari segi meningkatkan keupayaan untuk memperoleh sumber kewangan berdasarkan aset yang dimiliki. Dengan itu, Kerajaan telah meminda Akta Pasaran Modal dan Perkhidmatan 2007 untuk menyediakan pilihan pengendalian perniagaan melalui struktur baru iaitu amanah perniagaan (business trust).

47. Selaras dengan ini, Kerajaan mencadangkan amanah perniagaan diberi layanan cukai sama seperti sesebuah syarikat. Seterusnya, bagi menggalakkan pembangunan amanah perniagaan, adalah dicadangkan pindah milik perniagaan, aset dan hartanah milik syarikat kepada amanah perniagaan diberi pengecualian duti setem dan pengecualian cukai keuntungan harta tanah di peringkat awal penubuhan amanah perniagaan.

48. Kerajaan telah menubuhkan Danajamin Nasional Berhad agar syarikat yang berdaya maju mendapat dana melalui pasaran bon pada kos yang munasabah. Danajamin telah meluluskan jaminan berjumlah 9.3 bilion ringgit nilai terbitan bon kepada 30 syarikat dengan 4.2 bilion ringgit bon dan sukuk telah diterbitkan. Langkah ini telah membolehkan syarikat menjana aktiviti ekonomi dalam pelbagai sektor termasuk hartanah, infrastruktur, perladangan, minyak dan gas, pembinaan, perkilangan serta penerbangan.

49. Bagi merancakkan lagi akses syarikat ke pasaran modal, Kerajaan akan menambah peruntukan modal Danajamin sebanyak 400 juta ringgit dalam 14 tempoh 2 tahun. Suntikan ini dapat melipatgandakan nilai terbitan antara 4 hingga 6 bilion ringgit.

50. Kerajaan turut mengumumkan penubuhan Yayasan Pasaran Modal sebagai usaha bersepadu meningkatkan kompetensi dan keupayaan untuk bersaing dalam landskap pasaran modal yang lebih dinamik. Yayasan ini akan memberi fokus kepada 3 aspek utama iaitu pembangunan PKS; menggalak dan menyokong produk inovasi dan pembangunan modal insan. Sehubungan dengan itu, sejumlah 100 juta ringgit akan disediakan kepada Yayasan ini melalui Tabung Pembangunan Pasaran Modal di bawah kawal selia SC.

51. Sebagai salah satu inisiatif untuk menjadikan Malaysia sebagai hab kewangan antarabangsa serta menarik FDI, Kerajaan telah melancarkan Tun Razak Exchange atau TRX pada 30 Julai 2012 dengan nilai pembangunan kasar sebanyak 26 bilion ringgit. TRX akan memberi peluang pelaburan baru dengan menghubungkan komuniti perniagaan dan pasaran global. TRX dijangkakan menarik 250 syarikat perkhidmatan kewangan antarabangsa dan menawarkan 40 ribu peluang pekerjaan mahir dan berpengetahuan.

52. Untuk mengalakkan institusi kewangan antarabangsa utama menjadikan Kuala Lumpur sebagai pilihan pelaburan, pengecualian cukai pendapatan bagi tempoh 10 tahun kepada syarikat berstatus TRX, pengecualian duti setem, elaun bangunan industri, elaun modal dipercepatkan kepada syarikat berstatus TRX Marquee dan pengecualian cukai bagi pemaju hartanah telah diberikan. Kerja pembinaan awal TRX berjalan lancar mengikut jadual. Manakala, pengalihan kemudahan utiliti sedia ada di tapak TRX pula sedang giat dijalankan dan dijangka selesai pada Oktober 2012.

Wakaf Korporat

53. Kerajaan mengambil maklum bahawa Majlis Agama Islam Negeri merupakan pemegang amanah tunggal bagi semua wakaf dan dana wakaf dalam sesebuah negeri. Institusi wakaf di Malaysia tidak hanya tertumpu pada pembangunan tanah semata-mata tetapi juga merangkumi wakaf dalam bentuk tunai, saham dan instrumen kewangan lain yang dikategorikan sebagai wakaf korporat. Selaras dengan itu, Yayasan Wakaf Malaysia di bawah Jabatan Wakaf Zakat dan Haji (JAWHAR) akan diberi tanggungjawab untuk merangka pelan induk Wakaf Korporat mengambil kira struktur perundangan Agama Islam Negeri. Pelan induk ini bakal menjadi platform pembangunan wakaf korporat di Malaysia.

Pembangunan Usahawan Bumiputera

54. Kerajaan sentiasa komited dalam memastikan syarikat Bumiputera dapat bersaing secara seimbang dalam pemilikan syarikat besar, pekerjaan berpendapatan tinggi serta pelaburan dalam sektor utama ekonomi. Pada tahun 2010, ekuiti Bumiputera telah meningkat kepada 23 peratus berbanding 22 peratus pada tahun 2008. Salah satu usaha ialah meningkatkan penglibatan syarikat Bumiputera dalam pelaksanaan jajaran pertama projek MRT. Sesungguhnya, penglibatan syarikat Bumiputera dalam projek berimpak tinggi seperti MRT akan meningkatkan keupayaan dan kemahiran syarikat Bumiputera tempatan. Justeru, sebanyak 9 bilion ringgit atau 43 peratus daripada nilai kos infrastruktur projek MRT diperuntukkan kepada syarikat Bumiputera.

55. Usaha juga akan diambil bagi membantu syarikat PKS Bumiputera untuk berkembang dan mempertingkatkan pegangan ekuiti dalam sektor ekonomi. Sehubungan ini, Dana Pembiayaan Bumiputera berjumlah 1 bilion ringgit akan disediakan oleh SME Bank. Dana ini dijangka dapat membantu PKS tempatan bagi tujuan membiayai pengambilalihan anak syarikat milik GLC yang menjalankan aktiviti bukan teras dan telah dikenal pasti untuk dijual. Setakat ini, 2 GLC telah mengenal pasti anak-anak syarikat yang berpotensi untuk dijual kepada pelabur-pelabur Bumiputera.

56. Kerajaan telah memperkenalkan Skim Jaminan Modal Kerja dengan dana sebanyak 10 bilion ringgit bagi membantu syarikat PKS mendapatkan akses pembiayaan modal kerja. Skim ini memberi jaminan maksimum sehingga 2.5 juta ringgit bagi setiap syarikat yang layak. Pada masa ini, dana Skim ini yang dikhaskan kepada syarikat Bumiputera masih berbaki 900 juta ringgit. Bagi menarik lebih banyak syarikat Bumiputera menikmati kemudahan

Skim ini, Kerajaan akan melanjutkan tempoh tamat program skim ini sehingga 31 Disember 2013, memperluas skim ini kepada syarikat Bumiputera Berprestasi Tinggi dan meningkatkan kelayakan dana pemegang saham syarikat daripada 10 juta ringgit kepada tidak melebihi 20 juta ringgit.

57. Kemudahan pinjaman secara mudah dan cepat sering kali menjadi kekangan kepada usahawan kecil terutama Bumiputera. Dengan tertubuhnya Tabung Ekonomi Kumpulan Usaha Niaga (TEKUN), usahawan kecil kini mampu memulakan dan memajukan lagi perniagaan mereka. Sehingga kini, TEKUN telah menyalurkan pinjaman sebanyak 2.24 bilion ringgit kepada 224,175 usahawan kecil di seluruh negara termasuk sejumlah 34.5 juta ringgit kepada 4,212 usahawan masyarakat India di bawah Skim Pembangunan Usahawan Masyarakat India. Bagi tahun 2013, Kerajaan menyediakan peruntukan sebanyak 350 juta ringgit, termasuk daripadanya 50 juta ringgit kepada masyarakat India.


Pelan Pembangunan Pendidikan Malaysia 2013-2025

58. Sememangnya sejak merdeka, Kerajaan telah menjadikan bidang pendidikan sebagai agenda utama negara. Kerajaan juga menyedari pelaburan dalam bidang ini adalah prasyarat kepada sebuah negara yang makmur dan pembangunan rakyat yang sejahtera. Lalu, setiap tahun menyaksikan peruntukan besar dan kali ini 21 peratus daripada keseluruhan bajet. Namun, didapati hasil yang diperolehi tidak setara dengan pelaburan yang telah dibuat. Maka, pada 11 September lepas, Kerajaan melalui Kementerian Pelajaran telah melancarkan Laporan Awal Pelan Pembangunan Pendidikan Malaysia 2013-2025 bagi memastikan sistem pendidikan negara akan mampu mengoptimumkan potensi setiap anak Malaysia.

59. Bagi Bajet 2013, sebanyak 38.7 bilion ringgit telah diperuntukkan kepada Kementerian Pelajaran meliputi peruntukan mengurus dan pembangunan.

60. Berbicara tentang itu, langkah meningkat upaya kompetensi dan kualiti guru merupakan prasyarat kritikal yang menunjang kejayaan sistem pendidikan negara. Oleh itu, bagi menjana mula prakarsa ini, di samping 38.7 bilion ringgit peruntukan kepada Kementerian Pelajaran bagi perbelanjaan mengurus dan pembangunan, Kerajaan akan menyediakan peruntukan tambahan sebanyak 500 juta ringgit bagi meningkatkan kemahiran guru dalam pengajaran subjek-subjek teras, yakni Bahasa Kebangsaan, bahasa Inggeris, sains dan matematik melalui pendekatan Higher Order Thinking Skills. Peruntukan ini juga merangkumi penubuhan Unit Pelaksanaan Pendidikan atau Education Delivery Unit bagi memantau dan menilai keberkesanan pelaksanaan transformasi pelan tersebut.

61. Pada pembentangan Bajet 2012, Kerajaan telah menyediakan sebanyak 1 bilion ringgit di bawah Tabung Khas Pembinaan, Penambahbaikan dan Penyelenggaraan Sekolah khusus bagi keperluan mendesak untuk membaik-pulih bangunan sekolah, penyelenggaraan, pembelian peralatan dan pembinaan blok tambahan. Untuk meneruskan komitmen Kerajaan, sukacita saya mengumumkan tambahan 1 bilion ringgit lagi kepada Tabung khas ini. Daripada jumlah ini, 400 juta ringgit akan disalurkan kepada Sekolah Kebangsaan, 100 juta ringgit kepada Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan Cina, 100 juta ringgit Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan Tamil, 100 juta ringgit Sekolah Mubaligh, 100 juta ringgit Sekolah Agama Bantuan Kerajaan, 100 juta ringgit Sekolah Berasrama Penuh dan 100 juta ringgit kepada Maktab Rendah Sains MARA.

Memperkukuh Pendidikan Awal Kanak-Kanak

62. Melangkah ke ruang pendidikan awal kanak-kanak, kualiti pendidikan prasekolah amat penting sebagai platform melengkapkan kanak-kanak dengan pendidikan asas. Untuk ini, sebanyak 1.2 bilion ringgit disediakan bagi tujuan pendidikan prasekolah termasuk kepada Jabatan Kemajuan Masyarakat, Kementerian Pelajaran, PERMATA dan Jabatan Perpaduan dan Integrasi Nasional. Sebagai tambahan, sebanyak 380 juta ringgit disediakan di bawah Kementerian Pelajaran untuk penempatan guru prasekolah.

63. Berhubung perkhidmatan taska dan pusat jagaan kanak-kanak yang berkualiti pula, demi memastikan kanak-kanak mendapat penjagaan sempurna di samping membangunkan perkembangan minda yang positif, Kerajaan mencadangkan insentif-insentif berikut:

Pertama: Geran pelancaran 10 ribu ringgit kepada penyedia Pusat Pendidikan Awal Kanak-kanak (ECCE) swasta untuk membantu mereka membuka taska baru yang berkualiti. Dianggarkan 1,000 ECCE swasta baru akan mendapat manfaat;

Kedua: Potongan cukai 2 kali ke atas elaun atau subsidi yang diberi kepada pekerja dan perbelanjaan penyelenggaraan kemudahan taska dan pusat jagaan kanak-kanak akan diberi kepada majikan;

Ketiga: Pengecualian cukai pendapatan bagi tempoh 5 tahun dan elaun bangunan industri pada kadar 10 peratus setahun diberi kepada pengusaha taska dan pusat jagaan kanak-kanak swasta; dan

Keempat: Pengecualian cukai pendapatan untuk tempoh 5 tahun dan elaun bangunan industri pada kadar 10 peratus setahun kepada pengusaha pra-sekolah swasta.

64. Pada masa ini, kita dapati ramai kanak-kanak kurang upaya dari keluarga berpendapatan rendah yang tidak mendapat pendidikan awal kerana kekurangan taska OKU. Untuk ini Kerajaan akan melaksanakan projek perintis taska OKU bagi 6 kategori kanak-kanak OKU yang merangkumi down syndrome, autisme, penglihatan, pekak dan bisu, fizikal dan OKU masalah pembelajaran.

Latihan dan Kemahiran

65. Berganjak kepada soal modal insan, yang berpengetahuan, kreatif dan inovatif, program latihan akan dibentuk untuk mengasah kemahiran baru selaras dengan keperluan industri masa depan ke arah ekonomi berpendapatan tinggi dan maju. Bagi tujuan ini, pada tahun 2013, sejumlah 3.7 bilion ringgit akan disediakan untuk melatih pelajar dalam bidang teknikal dan vokasional.

66. Setiap tahun hampir 180 ribu graduan berkelulusan diploma dan sarjana muda menamatkan pengajian daripada institusi pengajian tinggi. Untuk membantu mereka yang masih menganggur, maka Kerajaan akan melancarkan Graduate Employability Blueprint pada penghujung tahun 2012. Rangka kerja ini akan memberi tumpuan untuk memperkukuh kebolehpasaran graduan. Dalam hal ini, Kerajaan akan menubuhkan Graduate Employability Taskforce dengan peruntukan 200 juta ringgit.

67. Kerajaan telah melaksanakan Program Skim Latihan 1Malaysia atau dikenali sebagai SL1M yang bertujuan untuk meningkatkan tahap kebolehpasaran graduan melalui latihan soft-skills dan on-job-training di syarikat swasta melalui galakan potongan cukai dua kali ke atas perbelanjaan oleh pihak syarikat. Galakan ini telah diberi mulai 1 Jun 2012 sehingga tahun 2016.

68. Kerajaan juga memperuntukkan 440 juta ringgit kepada Perbadanan Tabung Pembangunan Kemahiran bagi memberi pinjaman kepada pelatih untuk menjalani latihan kemahiran. Langkah ini akan dapat memanfaatkan hampir 40 ribu pelatih di peringkat Sijil Kemahiran Malaysia tahap 1 hingga 5. Kerajaan juga memperuntukkan 366 juta ringgit bagi menaik taraf serta pembelian peralatan Institut Latihan Perindustrian dan Institut Kemahiran Belia Negara.

69. Pelbagai program latihan kemahiran akan dilaksanakan selaras dengan matlamat mentransformasikan industri utama negara berteras kepada teknologi tinggi, berinovatif serta berpendapatan tinggi. Ke arah ini, tumpuan akan diberi bagi melahirkan tenaga kerja profesional dan berbakat di dalam industri terpilih termasuk industri minyak dan gas, perkapalan, ICT, kreatif serta bioteknologi. Bagi tahun 2013, dijangka seramai 5,000 pelatih akan menyertainya. Di samping itu, Petronas akan menggunakan kemudahan Institut Kemahiran Belia Negara di Pengerang, Johor untuk melatih seramai 300 orang belia menjelang akhir tahun ini dalam bidang minyak dan gas bagi memenuhi keperluan projek RAPID.

70. Kerajaan sedar tentang pelajar miskin masyarakat India, terutamanya dari estet-estet yang tidak memperolehi keputusan yang baik dalam peperiksaan dan tidak berpeluang untuk mendapat pekerjaan. Selaras dengan itu, Kerajaan akan menyediakan peruntukan sebanyak 50 juta ringgit untuk melatih 3,200 pelajar masyarakat India bagi memperlengkapkan mereka dengan kemahiran, selaras permintaan pasaran. Latihan ini akan dikendalikan oleh Institut Latihan Perindustrian dan kolej-kolej di bawah Skim Latihan Dual Nasional.

71. Bagi memastikan golongan pekerja swasta adalah sentiasa sihat dan produktif dalam menyumbang kepada pembangunan syarikat dan ekonomi negara, aspek kesihatan mesti diberi keutamaan. Untuk ini, PERKESO akan menyediakan peruntukan sebanyak 200 juta ringgit bagi membolehkan ahlinya seramai 1.4 juta orang menjalani pemeriksaan kesihatan secara percuma di hospital Kerajaan atau klinik panel PERKESO. Pemeriksaan kesihatan ini bertujuan untuk mengesan penyakit tidak berjangkit, kepada semua pekerja yang berumur antara 40 hingga 55 tahun.


72. Bagi membolehkan PKS menggunakan harta intelek sebagai nilai komersial dan instrumen untuk mendapatkan pembiayaan memajukan perniagaan, satu model penilaian harta intelek akan diwujudkan bagi membenarkan ia dinilai secara komersial dan seterusnya digunakan sebagai cagaran memperoleh pembiayaan dari institusi kewangan. Bagi maksud ini, langkah-langkah berikut akan dilaksanakan:

Pertama: Mewujudkan skim Dana Pembiayaan Harta Intelek berjumlah 200 juta ringgit. Skim ini akan ditawarkan oleh Malaysia Debt Ventures. Kerajaan akan memberi subsidi kadar faedah sebanyak 2 peratus dan jaminan sebanyak 50 peratus melalui Credit Guarantee Corporation; dan

Kedua: Menyediakan peruntukan sebanyak 19 juta ringgit bagi program latihan penilai harta intelek tempatan kendalian Perbadanan Harta Intelek serta mewujudkan platform pasaran harta intelek.

Penyelidikan dan Pembangunan

73. Aktiviti R&D pula akan terus diberi penekanan. Pelbagai penemuan dan hasil R&D institusi penyelidikan awam berpotensi untuk dikomersialkan. Maka, Kerajaan memperuntukkan sebanyak 600 juta ringgit kepada 5 buah universiti penyelidikan bagi menjalankan penyelidikan berimpak tinggi dalam bidang strategik seperti nano teknologi, automatif, bio-teknologi serta aero-angkasa.

74. Untuk merancakkan aktiviti pengkomersialan penemuan R&D institusi penyelidikan awam, Kerajaan mencadangkan galakan cukai sedia ada bagi pengkomersialan penemuan R&D berasaskan aktiviti sumber diperluaskan kepada aktiviti berasaskan bukan sumber yang digalakkan di bawah Akta Penggalakan Pelaburan 1986. Galakan cukai tersebut adalah:

Pertama: Syarikat yang melabur dalam syarikat subsidiarinya yang menjalankan aktiviti mengkomersialkan penemuan R&D diberi potongan cukai bersamaan dengan jumlah pelaburan yang dibuat dalam syarikat subsidiari tersebut; dan

Kedua: Syarikat subsidiari yang menjalankan aktiviti mengkomersialkan penemuan R&D diberi pengecualian cukai pendapatan sebanyak 100 peratus ke atas pendapatan berkanun untuk tempoh 10 tahun.

Mempergiat Pelaburan Modal Teroka oleh Pelabur Individu

75. Merujuk usahawan muda tempatan, sememangnya didapati mereka mempunyai idea dan produk inovatif yang boleh diketengahkan ke peringkat antarabangsa namun berhadapan sumber pembiayaan terhad. Oleh itu, sebagai sumber pembiayaan alternatif, penglibatan secara langsung pelabur pemangkin atau angel investors di peringkat awal perniagaan adalah amat penting bagi merealisasikan pelaburan dan daya saing syarikat teroka. Sehubungan itu, Kerajaan mencadangkan potongan cukai bersamaan jumlah pelaburan oleh pelabur pemangkin dalam syarikat teroka dibenarkan ditolak daripada semua jenis pendapatannya.

Menyemarak Inovasi Inklusif

76. Bagi memastikan pembangunan inklusif, Kerajaan akan terus merancang dan melaksanakan program serta aktiviti berintensifkan pengetahuan, kreativiti dan inovasi. Menuju ke tahun 2020, menjadi sebuah negara maju berpendapatan tinggi, inovasi akan terus diperkukuh dan diarusperdanakan dalam semua sektor dan segenap lapisan masyarakat. Melalui Bajet 2013, inisiatif ini akan diambil oleh Kementerian Sains, Teknologi dan Inovasi dengan kerjasama agensi Agensi Inovasi Malaysia dan Pertubuhan Bukan Kerajaan (NGO).

Pembangunan Teknologi Hijau

77. Dalam Bajet 2010, Kerajaan telah mewujudkan Skim Pembiayaan Teknologi Hijau (SPTH) dengan dana berjumlah 1.5 bilion ringgit untuk tempoh 3 tahun, yang akan berakhir pada 31 Disember 2012. Dana ini membolehkan syarikat pengeluar dan syarikat pengguna teknologi hijau membuat pinjaman mudah dengan Kerajaan menanggung subsidi 2 peratus daripada jumlah kadar faedah dan jaminan Kerajaan 60 peratus. Sehingga kini, hampir 800 juta ringgit telah diluluskan kepada 50 syarikat tempatan. Bagi merancakkan lagi pengeluaran dan penggunaan produk berasaskan teknologi hijau, dana skim ini akan ditambah sebanyak 2 bilion ringgit dan tempoh permohonan skim SPTH ini dilanjutkan untuk tempoh 3 tahun lagi iaitu sehingga 31 Disember 2015.


78. Sesungguhnya, Kerajaan komited dalam memastikan defisit fiskal terus berkurangan dan negara berada pada landasan yang betul bagi mencapai bajet berimbang. Dalam hal ini, semua kementerian dan agensi perlu memastikan peruntukan mengurus dan pembangunan dibelanjakan bagi perkara yang benar-benar perlu dan penting dalam menyokong pelaksanaan dasar dan program negara.

79. Kerajaan akan memastikan hutang Kerajaan Persekutuan tidak melebihi paras 55 peratus kepada KDNK dan defisit fiskal terus berkurangan kepada 3 peratus menjelang 2015. Antara langkah yang akan dan telah diambil termasuk memastikan kutipan hasil ditingkatkan dengan mengukuhkan sistem percukaian dan memastikan semua perolehan dan pembelian Kerajaan adalah berdasarkan prinsip value for money.

80. Selain daripada peralihan sistem subsidi pukal kepada subsidi bersasar, kajian semula sistem percukaian kebangsaan akan diteruskan bagi memastikan sistem cukai negara akan lebih menggambarkan kedudukan kewangan setiap isi rumah. Peralihan daripada sistem cukai berasaskan pendapatan kepada sistem cukai yang lebih menyeluruh serta saksama akan pada analisa akhirnya memanfaatkan semua rakyat Malaysia.

81. Langkah ini tidak dilaksanakan secara tergesa-gesa mahupun semberono tetapi setelah kajian teliti dan pelaksanaan penuh tertib. Ia tidak akan mengesankan rakyat terbanyak khususnya golongan berpendapatan rendah serta sederhana kerana perkara-perkara asas sama ada makanan, perumahan mahupun pengangkutan awam akan terus dilindungi.

82. Pelaksanaan struktur baru cukai ini sudah menjadi sebagai satu imperatif nasional bagi memastikan kelestarian sistem kewangan negara terus utuh untuk generasi masa depan Malaysia. Kerajaan tidak akan mengelak dari mengambil tindakan yang betul walaupun ianya penuh liku.

83. Walau bagaimanapun, ruang masa yang mencukupi akan tetap disediakan oleh Kerajaan agar semua pihak dapat membuat persiapan yang sewajarnya. Penerimaan rakyat ke atas inisiatif baru ini akan diperoleh dengan program penerangan, pendidikan serta rundingan secara ekstensif.

84. Dalam memberi perkhidmatan terbaik, penjawat awam mesti menerapkan budaya produktiviti, kreativiti dan inovasi. Amalan kerja pula mestilah cepat, tepat dan berintegriti. Langkah ini akan mencetuskan paradigma baru dan seterusnya meningkatkan keyakinan rakyat terhadap prestasi perkhidmatan awam lebih efisien dan efektif serta lebih responsif.

85. Kerajaan tidak lupa akan jasa pesara yang pernah mencurahkan khidmat bakti dalam memberi perkhidmatan terbaik kepada negara. Sehubungan itu, Kerajaan akan menyelaras semula pencen pesara Kerajaan yang telah berkhidmat sekurang-kurangnya 25 tahun dengan menaikkan pencen minimum daripada 720 ringgit kepada 820 ringgit. Pelarasan pencen ini akan mengambil kira bayaran pencen bermula 1 Januari 2012. Langkah ini melibatkan seramai 50,371 pesara, termasuk penerima pencen terbitan, dengan peruntukan tambahan sebanyak 60 juta ringgit setahun.

86. Sebagai pengiktirafan kepada golongan warga emas, Kerajaan mencadangkan caj bayaran pemprosesan pasport dikurangkan sebanyak 50 peratus iaitu daripada 300 ringgit kepada 150 ringgit untuk tempoh sah laku 5 tahun. Manakala, bagi caj bayaran pengurusan pasport untuk tempoh dua tahun dikurangkan kepada 80 ringgit. Pengurangan caj bayaran pasport ini juga diperluaskan kepada kanak-kanak yang berumur 12 tahun ke bawah. Kadar bayaran baru ini akan berkuat kuasa pada Januari 2013.

Penambahbaikan Skim Perkhidmatan Angkatan Tentera Malaysia

87. Bagi memastikan Angkatan Tentera Malaysia mempunyai modal insan berpengetahuan dan berkemahiran tinggi, serta merealisasikan visi dan hala tuju strategik ATM sesuai dengan keperluan semasa, Kerajaan bersetuju untuk menambah baik skim perkhidmatan ATM. Sehubungan itu, syarat lantikan bagi skim perkhidmatan ATM telah ditambah baik dengan kelayakan masuk bagi pegawai ditingkatkan kepada Ijazah Sarjana Muda Kepujian dan bagi askar laskar kelayakan masuk minimum ditingkatkan ke peringkat SPM dan Diploma berdasarkan skop tugas.

88. Mengambil kira keunikan perkhidmatan ATM, Kerajaan bersetuju untuk meningkatkan peluang kenaikan pangkat anggota ATM melalui kaedah kenaikan secara time-based anggota berpangkat prebet ke Lans Koperal dan Lans Koperal ke Koperal dalam tempoh 8 tahun dengan memenuhi syarat- syarat serta prestasi yang memuaskan. Ini adalah bagi meningkatkan peluang kemajuan kerjaya serta motivasi anggota ATM. Usaha ini akan memberi faedah kepada seramai 78,123 anggota dan melibatkan peruntukan sebanyak 107 juta ringgit.

89. Di samping itu, Kerajaan juga bersetuju memberikan bayaran insentif khas dengan kadar 200 ringgit sebulan kepada semua pegawai dan anggota ATM seramai 125,708 orang berkuat kuasa 1 Januari 2013. Langkah ini akan melibatkan implikasi kewangan sebanyak 301 juta ringgit.

90. Kerajaan menghargai peranan pasukan simpanan angkatan tentera sebagai pelengkap dan sokongan kepada angkatan tetap ATM. Bagi menghargai sumbangan mereka, Kerajaan bersetuju untuk menyelaras elaun khidmat bertugas daripada 4 ringgit sejam bagi anggota biasa kepada 6 ringgit sejam dan bagi pegawai, RM5.80 sejam kepada RM7.80 sejam melibatkan 65 ribu anggota simpanan angkatan tentera merangkumi Askar Wataniah serta Pasukan Simpanan Sukarela Tentera Laut dan Udara di seluruh negara. Kadar baru ini telah pun dikuatkuasakan untuk RELA, JPAM dan PVR sebelum ini.

91. Kerajaan juga tidak lupa jasa bakti pahlawan negara. Untuk membantu bekas tentera yang bersara awal kerana berkhidmat kurang daripada 21 tahun serta tidak berpencen, Kerajaan bersetuju untuk memberi sumbangan sebanyak 1 ribu ringgit secara one-off kepada mereka. Peruntukan sebanyak 224 juta ringgit yang melibatkan 224 ribu bekas tentera ini akan dikongsi bersama oleh Kerajaan dan Lembaga Tabung Angkatan Tentera.

92. Kerajaan juga akan memperkenalkan Skim Perlindungan Insurans Berkelompok kepada anggota tentera dan polis yang sedang berkhidmat dengan peruntukan 12 juta ringgit. Skim ini akan memberi had perlindungan maksimum sehingga 15 ribu ringgit kepada hampir 242 ribu anggota tentera dan polis.

93. Pada masa ini, Kerajaan meminjam sebanyak 6 bilion ringgit setahun untuk membiayai keperluan pinjaman perumahan penjawat awam yang diuruskan oleh Bahagian Pinjaman Perumahan, Kementerian Kewangan. Sebagai sebahagian daripada usaha konsolidasi fiskal dan mengurangkan beban tanggungan kewangan Kerajaan, BPP akan disusun semula di mana Kerajaan akan melantik panel bank komersial untuk menguruskan pinjaman perumahan Kerajaan yang baru berkuat kuasa Januari 2013. Segala manfaat dan bantuan sedia ada yang dinikmati oleh penjawat awam akan tetap dikekalkan malah ditambah baik. Penjawat awam masih tetap membayar 4 peratus kadar faedah ke atas pinjaman perumahan.

94. Selain itu, pada masa ini, wang proses yang dikenakan bagi setiap permohonan pinjaman perumahan penjawat awam adalah sebanyak 1 ringgit bagi setiap 1,000 ringgit pinjaman yang dipohon bagi pinjaman kali pertama dan 2 ringgit bagi pinjaman kali kedua. Bagi mengurangkan beban kewangan dan memudahkan proses kelulusan pinjaman, Kerajaan bersetuju untuk menetapkan wang proses ini pada kadar 100 ringgit bagi setiap permohonan tanpa mengambil kira jumlah pinjaman yang dipohon.

95. Kerajaan turut memberi perhatian untuk meringankan beban kos sara hidup bagi pelatih-pelatih yang mengikuti kursus pra perkhidmatan di peringkat ijazah, diploma dan sijil. Dengan ini, Kerajaan bersetuju menaikkan kadar elaun pra perkhidmatan yang melibatkan 31,135 pelatih. Skim perkhidmatan yang terlibat adalah Pegawai Perkhidmatan Pendidikan Siswazah, Penolong Pegawai Kesihatan Persekitaran, Penolong Pegawai Perubatan, Penolong Pegawai Farmasi, Juru X-Ray, Jururawat, Jururawat Pergigian, Jurupulih Perubatan, Juruteknologi Makmal Perubatan, Juruteknologi Pergigian, Jururawat Masyarakat, Pembantu Kesihatan Awam dan Pembantu Pembedahan Pergigian. Untuk ini, sebanyak 84.2 juta ringgit akan disediakan.


96. Kerajaan juga akan menyediakan 6 bilion ringgit pada tahun 2013 di bawah Inisiatif Pembiayaan Swasta yakni PFI 2 untuk melaksanakan pelbagai projek dan program untuk memastikan kesejahteraan rakyat dan memacu pertumbuhan ekonomi negara. Antara projek yang telah dikenal pasti termasuk membaik pulih dan menyelenggara sekolah serta klinik kesihatan, projek perumahan, projek tangki air, rancangan tebatan banjir dan penyediaan kemudahan sukan.

Mewujud Kejiranan yang Selamat dan Harmoni

97. Kerajaan telah memperkenalkan langkah mengurangkan kadar jenayah sebagai salah satu inisiatif di bawah NKRA. Usaha mengurangkan kadar jenayah akan terus dipertingkatkan. Untuk tujuan ini, peruntukan sejumlah 591 juta ringgit akan disediakan bagi tahun 2013 untuk melaksanakan langkah- langkah berikut:

Pertama: Menambah bilangan perjawatan baru Polis DiRaja Malaysia pada 2013 untuk melaksanakan tugas-tugas rondaan dan pencegahan jenayah serta menaik taraf infrastruktur dan menyediakan peralatan moden;

Kedua: Menubuhkan Unit Rondaan Bermotosikal memantau kawasan perumahan. Untuk ini, Kerajaan akan menyediakan 1,000 buah motosikal dengan peruntukan sebanyak 20 juta ringgit;

Ketiga: Menambah bilangan ahli Pasukan Sukarelawan Polis seramai 10,000 orang dengan peruntukan 70 juta ringgit bagi membantu polis membanteras jenayah; dan

Keempat: Menambah pemasangan Sistem Kamera Litar Tertutup atau CCTV sebanyak 496 unit di 25 buah Pihak Berkuasa Tempatan di Semenanjung, Sabah dan Sarawak.

98. Kerajaan sedar akan tugas dan tanggungjawab berat pegawai dan anggota Polis DiRaja Malaysia. Kepada warga PDRM saya mendengar rintahan saudari dan saudari sekelian tentang beberapa anomali yang wujud terutamanya dalam perjawatan untuk para pegawai. Kerajaan mendengar dan mengambil maklum kita tidak sekali-kali mengambil mudah tentang soal ini. Kerajaan telahpun mengarahkan pihak Jabatan Perkhidmatan Awam agar kajian komprehensif dilakukan untuk menambahbaik laluan kerjaya warga PDRM. Kajian dan segala cadangan yang dibuat hendaklah merundingi semua “stakeholder” dan hendaklah diselesaikan dalam masa secepat mungkin.

99. Kerajaan komited memastikan setiap rakyat yang dituduh di mahkamah mempunyai pembelaan sesuai dengan hak mereka yang dijamin oleh Perlembagaan dan telah memberi geran pelancaran sebanyak 14 juta ringgit kepada Yayasan Bantuan Guaman Kebangsaan. Kerajaan dengan ini menambah 20 juta ringgit lagi peruntukan untuk tahun 2013.

100. Penglibatan swasta dan komuniti setempat secara menyeluruh bersama Kerajaan adalah penting bagi memastikan Malaysia menjadi sebuah negara yang selamat. Sehubungan itu, Kerajaan akan melaksanakan inisiatif-inisiatif berikut:

Pertama :

Menyokong peranan persatuan penduduk bagi tujuan menggalakkan aktiviti rondaan di kawasan kejiranan. Untuk ini, Kerajaan bercadang memberi geran berjumlah 10,000 ringgit kepada 4,025 persatuan penduduk yang berdaftar dengan Jabatan Pendaftaran Pertubuhan Malaysia, dengan kos sebanyak 40 juta ringgit;

Kedua :

Ketiga :


Mempertingkatkan peranan rukun tetangga dalam membantu menjaga keselamatan kawasan perumahan. Untuk ini, Kerajaan mensasarkan 6,500 penubuhan kawasan rukun tetangga menjelang tahun 2013. Kerajaan akan memperuntukkan 39 juta ringgit bagi membiayai aktiviti KRT;

Menyediakan sepasang pakaian seragam untuk 300,000 anggota RELA yang aktif dengan peruntukan sebanyak 90 juta ringgit; dan

Tolakan sepenuhnya perbelanjaan pemasangan alat kawalan keselamatan bagi syarikat-syarikat dalam tahun yang sama ia dibelanjakan, berbanding dengan tolakan semasa iaitu 8 tahun, di bawah galakan Elaun Modal Dipercepatkan. Kerajaan juga bersetuju galakan yang menarik ini turut diberi kepada syarikat pemaju perumahan.

Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia

101. Pastinya, Kerajaan terus komited untuk membasmi gejala rasuah. Bagi tahun 2013, sebanyak 276 juta ringgit akan diperuntukkan kepada SPRM bagi membanteras rasuah. Untuk ini, Kerajaan bersetuju menambah sebanyak 150 perjawatan tambahan setiap tahun sehingga mencapai 5,000 anggota. Langkah ini diharap akan dapat menyokong usaha Kerajaan memperbaiki kedudukan negara dalam Indeks Persepsi Rasuah.

Memacu Transformasi Komuniti

102. Kerajaan telah melancarkan Program Transformasi Luar Bandar atau RTP bagi mengukuhkan pembangunan kawasan luar bandar. Untuk komuniti di bandar pula, sukacita saya mengumumkan Program Transformasi Bandar atau UTP. Sejumlah 200 juta ringgit akan disediakan bagi maksud ini. Bagi memastikan penyelarasan strategik di antara RTP dan UTP, National Strategic Coordination Unit akan diwujudkan di bawah Kementerian Kewangan.

103. Urban Transformation Program adalah inisiatif Kerajaan dalam pembangunan komuniti bandar bagi memastikan kesinambungan perkhidmatan Kerajaan dan swasta yang efisien, cepat dan mudah diakses. UTC dilaksanakan dengan mengubahsuai bangunan Kerajaan sedia ada yang kosong atau mengoptimumkan penggunaan bangunan dengan kos yang minimum. Sebagai contoh, di UTC, rakyat boleh membuat pasport dalam tempoh satu jam sahaja, membayar zakat, bil utiliti, cukai pintu, membeli kain dan buku serta menjalankan aktiviti riadah seperti futsal dan gim. Keunikan UTC ini, ia beroperasi bermula dari 8.30 pagi hingga 10 malam, 7 hari seminggu.

104. Di bawah UTP, Kerajaan telah melancarkan 2 Pusat Transformasi Bandar atau UTC iaitu di Melaka dan Kuala Lumpur. Terkini, UTC KL telah menerima purata seramai 4,000 orang sehari. Pelaksanaan UTC akan diperhebatkan dan dilaksanakan secara berperingkat di 6 bandar utama, iaitu Alor Setar, Kuantan, Ipoh, Johor Bahru, Kota Kinabalu dan Kuching.

Program Transformasi Luar Bandar

105. Di luar bandar, Kerajaan telah membuka pula Pusat Transformasi Luar Bandar atau RTC di Gopeng, Perak dan Wakaf Che Yeh, Kelantan bagi menyediakan sebuah pusat integrasi perkhidmatan meliputi pengumpulan, pemprosesan dan pengedaran hasil pengeluaran pertanian, perbankan dan insurans, khidmat nasihat perniagaan, latihan dan kemahiran, klinik serta ruang niaga. Berdasarkan manfaat yang diterima, Kerajaan akan terus memperluaskan RTC ke Melaka, Johor, Pahang, Sabah dan Sarawak. Selain itu, Kerajaan juga akan menaik taraf Medan Info Desa seluruh negara sebagai Mini-RTC.

Pembangunan Luar Bandar dan Masyarakat Orang Asli

106. Kawasan luar bandar akan terus dibangunkan bagi mengurangkan jurang pembangunan bandar dan luar bandar. 4.5 bilion ringgit akan disediakan bagi melaksanakan pelbagai projek pembangunan pada tahun 2013 termasuk:


Kedua :

Ketiga :

Sebanyak 1.2 bilion ringgit disediakan untuk melaksanakan 441 kilometer projek jalan luar bandar dan jalan perhubungan desa yang memanfaatkan 220 ribu penduduk;

Sebanyak 1.6 bilion ringgit diperuntukkan untuk projek infrastruktur utiliti luar bandar bagi projek bekalan air kepada 24 ribu buah rumah dan projek penyambungan bekalan elektrik kepada 19 ribu buah rumah;

Sebanyak 137 juta ringgit diperuntukkan bagi membiayai Program Desa Lestari melibatkan 29 buah kampung di seluruh negara dan memanfaatkan 38 ribu penduduk. Program utama termasuk menaik taraf kilang pemprosesan hasil laut dan makanan, pembinaan jeti baru, pembinaan pusat pemasaran serta menambah baik pakej dan aktiviti homestay serta rekreasi;


Kelima :

Sebanyak 88 juta ringgit diperuntukkan bagi melaksanakan program pembangunan ekonomi dan projek bekalan air bagi masyarakat Orang Asli; dan

Sebanyak 100 juta ringgit bagi membekal 40 ribu tangki air menggunakan kaedah tadahan air hujan khususnya di kawasan pedalaman di Sabah dan Sarawak.

Kesihatan Asas Kesejahteraan

107. Kerajaan akan terus memastikan rakyat dapat menikmati perkhidmatan kesihatan yang memuaskan. Bagi tahun 2013, Kerajaan memperuntukkan sebanyak 19.3 bilion ringgit untuk perkhidmatan mengurus dan pembangunan.

108. Pembukaan Klinik 1Malaysia telah mendapat sambutan baik dan memberi manfaat dalam meringankan kos rawatan selain memudahkan akses bagi mendapatkan rawatan. Justeru, Kerajaan akan memperuntukkan 20 juta ringgit bagi membuka tambahan 70 klinik pada tahun 2013. Klinik 1Malaysia juga akan mula menyediakan perkhidmatan ujian kolesterol dan glukosa serta ujian urin kepada mereka yang memerlukan. Selain itu, sebanyak 100 juta ringgit akan diperuntukkan untuk membaik pulih 350 klinik di seluruh negara, di samping menambah 150 buah mesin dialisis di pusat hemodialisis Kerajaan seluruh negara.

Pembangunan Wanita, Keluarga dan Masyarakat

109. Memang benar, wanita bukan sahaja penting dalam pembentukan keluarga bahagia malah turut menyumbang kepada pembangunan ekonomi negara. Untuk itu, Kerajaan memperuntukkan 50 juta ringgit bagi menyokong dwi peranan wanita ini dengan melaksanakan langkah-langkah berikut:

Pertama : Seramai 500 wanita akan dilatih di bawah Program Pengarah Wanita untuk diketengahkan sebagai ahli lembaga pengarah syarikat;

Kedua :

Ketiga :


Program Inkubator Keusahawanan Ibu Tunggal (I-KIT) akan dipertingkatkan untuk memberi khidmat nasihat dan latihan kepada ibu tunggal dalam bidang keusahawanan; dan

Program Get Malaysian Business Online (GMBO) bagi membantu 50 ribu usahawan kecil, terutamanya wanita melonjakkan perniagaan dengan meningkatkan jualan secara atas talian dengan geran seribu ringgit melalui peruntukan 50 juta ringgit oleh SKMM.

Peruntukan sebanyak 25 juta ringgit untuk kemudahan pemeriksaan percuma ujian Mamogram. Langkah ini dijangka dapat memanfaatkan seramai 100 ribu wanita berumur 40 tahun dan ke atas.

110. Sesungguhnya Kerajaan amat menitikberatkan golongan yang kurang bernasib baik dan berpendapatan rendah dalam memastikan mereka ini tidak ketinggalan dalam arus pembangunan negara. Justeru, program Kebajikan Rakyat 1Malaysia atau KAR1SMA di bawah Kementerian Pembangunan Wanita, Keluarga dan Masyarakat akan diperuntukkan sebanyak 1.2 bilion ringgit meliputi program bantuan warga emas, bantuan kanak-kanak, elaun pekerja orang kurang upaya serta bantuan penyakit kronik.

111. Kerajaan telah melancarkan program 1AZAM atau Akhiri Zaman Miskin yang bertujuan menyediakan peluang menjana pendapatan kepada golongan berpendapatan rendah. Antara program di bawah inisiatif ini adalah Azam Kerja, Azam Tani, Azam Niaga dan Azam Khidmat. Untuk ini, Kerajaan memperuntukkan sejumlah 400 juta ringgit yang dijangka dapat memanfaatkan sebanyak 58,330 peserta.

112. Selain itu, Kerajaan telah menyediakan 2 pusat Anjung Singgah bertujuan untuk menempatkan warga emas, kanak-kanak jalanan dan mereka yang memerlukan tempat tinggal sementara sebelum mereka mendapat pekerjaan atau kemudahan tempat tinggal yang tetap. Seterusnya, Kerajaan menambah lagi 6 pusat Anjung Singgah. Kerajaan juga akan mewujudkan 5 35

Anjung Kasih di Hospital Sibu, Miri, Temerloh, Seremban dan Ipoh bagi menyediakan tempat penginapan sementara dan selesa kepada pesakit miskin atau ahli keluarga yang mengiringi pesakit yang sedang menerima rawatan di hospital Kerajaan.

Belia dan Sukan

113. Sukan adalah pemangkin perpaduan nasional yang terbaik kerana melibatkan semua golongan masyarakat. Nama-nama seperti Lee Chong Wei, Nicol Anne David, Pandelela Rinong, Azizulhasni Awang dan Muhamad Ziyad adalah antara hero dan heroin sukan yang dikagumi. Kejayaan dan pencapaian mereka di peringkat antarabangsa cukup membanggakan. Kerajaan sentiasa memberi penekanan dalam memastikan pembangunan sukan dilaksanakan secara berterusan. Untuk itu, bagi tahun 2013 sebanyak 738 juta ringgit diperuntukkan bagi pembangunan belia dan sukan.

114. Kerajaan akan memperuntukkan 15 juta ringgit bagi mempersiapkan para atlet ke kejohanan sukan antarabangsa termasuk Sukan SEA 2013, Sukan Para ASEAN 2013, Sukan Komanwel serta Sukan Asia tahun 2014. Sebagai tambahan juga, 50 juta ringgit lagi diperuntukkan untuk tempoh 4 tahun khusus bagi persiapan Sukan Olimpik Rio 2016 di bawah program Road to Rio.

115. Bagi menggalakkan perkembangan sukan lumba basikal dan badminton, Kerajaan akan membina sebuah velodrom tertutup di Seremban dan Akademi Badminton di Bukit Kiara dengan peruntukan sebanyak 80 juta ringgit.

116. Dalam usaha melahirkan generasi belia yang berpersonaliti tinggi, berintegriti, kreatif dan berinovasi serta berdaya saing, Kerajaan melancarkan program Y-Creative yang melibatkan persatuan belia di seluruh negara. Kerajaan juga akan menganjurkan Festival Belia Putrajaya yang merupakan perhimpunan belia terbesar negara bersempena dengan perisytiharan tahun 2013 sebagai tahun kesukarelaan nasional.

117. Bagi membantu usahawan muda dalam bidang ICT, sebuah yayasan dengan nama New Enterpreneur Foundation akan ditubuhkan dengan peruntukan permulaan sebanyak 50 juta ringgit. NEF akan menjadi platform bagi program latihan dan bimbingan.

118. Selain itu, Young Entrepreneur Fund juga diwujudkan dengan peruntukan sebanyak 50 juta ringgit akan disediakan oleh SME Bank. Dana pinjaman mudah ini adalah untuk belia berumur 30 tahun ke bawah dengan subsidi kadar faedah pinjaman sebanyak 2 peratus dan had maksimum pinjaman sebanyak 100 ribu ringgit serta tempoh bayaran balik selama 7 tahun.

119. Kerajaan mengiktiraf peranan belia dalam mengaspirasikan pembangunan negara. Untuk itu, Kerajaan akan melancarkan Pertandingan Lautan Biru 1Malaysia For Youth atau 1M4U untuk mereka mempersembahkan idea-idea kreatif dan inovatif menerusi pertandingan di peringkat tempatan, negeri dan kebangsaan. 3 idea terbaik akan diberikan peruntukan daripada Dana Sukarelawan 1Malaysia.

120. Sebahagian besar daripada 22 peratus rakyat Malaysia yang menggunakan telefon pintar untuk melayari internet adalah golongan belia. Oleh itu, bagi membuka akses golongan muda kepada lebuhraya maklumat, satu pakej khas akan diperkenalkan oleh kerajaan melalui kerjasama antara Suruhanjaya Komunikasi dan Multimedia Malaysia serta syarikat telekomunikasi. Melalui Pakej Komunikasi Belia, rebat 200 ringgit akan diberi secara one-off bagi pembelian satu unit telefon mudah alih pintar 3G melalui pengedar-pengedar rasmi. Ia terbuka kepada belia yang berumur 21 hingga 30 tahun berpendapatan bulanan 3,000 ringgit dan ke bawah. Sebanyak 300 juta ringgit telah disediakan dan akan memanfaatkan 1.5 juta belia.

Mengiktiraf Karyawan dan Seniman

121. Menjengah peranan karyawan, budayawan dan seniman dalam proses pembangunan negara, kita maklum bahawa kemajuan Malaysia tidak diukur semata-mata pada pendapatan perkapita dan pertumbuhan ekonomi. Ia turut diukur menggunakan pelbagai dimensi. Para karyawan memainkan peranan penting dalam meningkatkan peradaban nasional. Sebagai menghargai peranan mereka ini, Kerajaan bersetuju memperuntukkan sejumlah 6 juta ringgit sebagai bantuan pentadbiran dan kegiatan kepada semua persatuan yang berdaftar.

Memperluas Jaringan Pengangkutan Awam Bandar

122. Bercakap pula ehwal perkhidmatan pengangkutan awam yang baik, ia adalah nadi kepada pembangunan sesebuah komuniti. Lanjutan daripada kejayaan pengenalan RapidKL dan RapidPenang, Kerajaan akan melancarkan RapidKuantan mulai 1 Disember 2012 bagi menyediakan perkhidmatan pengangkutan bas berkualiti di Kuantan yang dapat memanfaatkan rakyat teramai. Syarikat Prasarana juga dalam proses untuk memperluaskan perkhidmatan ini di bandar lain seperti Ipoh, Seremban, Kuching dan Kota Kinabalu.

123. Kerajaan memandang serius kepentingan pengangkutan bagi orang ramai terutamanya mereka yang tinggal dan bekerja di bandar besar. Pada masa ini, golongan OKU, pesara dan pelajar telah menikmati diskaun 50 peratus kadar tambang apabila menggunakan perkhidmatan komuter KTMB. Sebagai lanjutan, suka saya mengumumkan, bahawa Kerajaan bersetuju untuk memperluaskan diskaun 50 peratus kadar tambang ini, kepada semua warganegara Malaysia yang berpendapatan 3,000 ringgit dan ke bawah.

Perumahan untuk Rakyat

124. Kerajaan sedar, perumahan selesa dan mampu milik adalah keperluan asas paling utama kepada rakyat. Kerajaan komited untuk memastikan setiap rakyat Malaysia berpeluang untuk memiliki rumah mereka sendiri. Ini bukan sahaja satu imperatif yang bersifat ekonomi, malahan ia adalah imperatif moral bagi sebuah Kerajaan yang bertanggungjawab. Oleh itu, Kerajaan akan menjadikan hasrat ini sebagai prioriti berterusan. Bagi tahun 2013 sahaja, suka saya umumkan, Kerajaan akan memperuntukkan 1.9 bilion ringgit bagi membina 123 ribu unit rumah dengan harga berpatutan di kawasan-kawasan strategik. Inisiatif ini akan dilaksanakan oleh PR1MA, Syarikat Perumahan Nasional Berhad dan Jabatan Perumahan Negara.

125. Sebanyak 500 juta ringgit akan dibelanjakan oleh PR1MA untuk membina 50 ribu unit rumah di bandar-bandar utama di seluruh negara dengan harga jualan antara 100 hingga 400 ribu ringgit seunit. Antara bandar-bandar utama tersebut adalah Kuala Lumpur, Shah Alam, Johor Bharu, Seremban dan Kuantan.

126. Di samping itu, PR1MA juga akan menyediakan Dana Pemudah Cara Perumahan berjumlah 500 juta ringgit untuk membina 30 ribu unit rumah secara usaha sama dengan pemaju perumahan swasta. Harga rumah yang ditawarkan di bawah program ini adalah 20 peratus lebih rendah berbanding dengan harga di pasaran dan proses pengagihan rumah akan dilaksanakan secara sistem pengundian terbuka.

127. Manakala sebanyak 320 juta ringgit diperuntukkan melalui SPNB untuk membina sebanyak 22,855 unit kediaman termasuk apartmen kos rendah dan sederhana, rumah mesra rakyat serta rumah mampu milik. Projek perumahan SPNB yang akan dilaksanakan segera termasuk membina sebanyak 1,855 unit apartmen kos sederhana dengan keluasan 850 kaki persegi di Shah Alam dan Sungai Buloh. Unit kediaman ini akan dijual pada harga sekitar 120 ribu hingga 220 ribu ringgit seunit.

128. Bagi program Rumah Mesra Rakyat pula, SPNB akan membina sebanyak 21,000 unit rumah untuk tahun 2013. Di bawah program ini, SPNB akan membina rumah berharga 65 ribu ringgit dengan subsidi sebanyak 20 ribu ringgit serta subsidi kadar faedah ke atas pinjaman sebanyak 2 peratus.

129. Selain itu, peruntukan sejumlah 543 juta ringgit akan disediakan bagi Jabatan Perumahan Negara melaksanakan 45 projek di bawah Program Perumahan Rakyat melibatkan 20,454 unit rumah yang akan dibina menggunakan kaedah Industrialised Building System. Kesemua unit kediaman ini akan dijual antara 30 hingga 40 ribu ringgit seunit berbanding harga pasaran sekitar 120 ribu ringgit seunit. 20 peratus daripada keseluruhan unit rumah PPR kepada penjawat awam dan sebahagian kepada golongan OKU.

130. Bagi membolehkan lebih ramai rakyat Malaysia memiliki rumah yang pertama, Skim Rumah Pertamaku yang telah dilancarkan melalui bajet yang lalu, akan ditambah baik dengan meningkatkan had pendapatan peminjam perseorangan daripada 3,000 ringgit kepada 5,000 ringgit sebulan atau 10,000 ringgit sebulan bagi pinjaman bersama suami isteri. Di samping itu, syarat keperluan simpanan 3 bulan deposit serta tempoh minimum bekerja 6 bulan juga akan dimansuhkan.

131. Dalam Bajet 2009, Kerajaan telah pun memberi pengecualian duti setem 50 peratus ke atas surat cara perjanjian pindah milik dan pinjaman sebuah rumah kediaman pertama yang berharga sehingga 350 ribu ringgit. Kerajaan bercadang melanjutkan pengecualian duti setem sedia ada sehingga 31 Disember 2014 dengan had kelayakan harga rumah dinaikkan sehingga 400 ribu ringgit.

Kajian Semula Cukai Keuntungan Hartanah

132. Menyangkut hal penawaran hartanah yang terhad terutamanya di kawasan bandar, ia membuka ruang kepada aktiviti spekulasi. Dengan itu, Kerajaan mencadangkan cukai keuntungan harta tanah (CKHT) ke atas keuntungan pelupusan hartanah yang dibuat dalam tempoh tidak melebihi dua tahun dari tarikh perolehan hartanah berkenaan, dikenakan pada kadar 15

peratus dan 10 peratus bagi pelupusan hartanah dalam tempoh 2 hingga 5 tahun. Bagi hartanah yang dilupuskan selepas tempoh 5 tahun daripada tarikh perolehannya, CKHT tidak dikenakan. Sementelahan itu, keuntungan daripada pelupusan sebuah rumah kediaman sekali dalam seumur hidup dan pelupusan hartanah atas dasar kasih sayang antara suami dan isteri, ibu bapa dan anak, datuk atau nenek dan cucu dikecualikan daripada CKHT.

Galakan Cukai untuk Memulih Projek Perumahan Terbengkalai

133. Selanjutnya, bagi tahun 2013, Kerajaan memperuntukkan 100 juta ringgit kepada Kementerian Perumahan dan Kerajaan Tempatan yang dijangka dapat memulihkan 30 projek rumah terbengkalai. Sebagai tambahan untuk menggalakkan penyertaan sektor swasta, Kerajaan akan menyediakan insentif cukai seperti berikut:


Kedua :

Ketiga :

Keempat :

Institusi perbankan diberi pengecualian cukai ke atas pendapatan faedah yang diterima daripada kontraktor penyelamat;

Kontraktor penyelamat diberi potongan cukai 2 kali ke atas bayaran faedah dan semua kos langsung dalam mendapatkan pinjaman;

Kontraktor penyelamat diberi pengecualian duti setem ke atas semua jenis surat cara yang disempurnakan bagi tujuan pindah milik tanah atau rumah dan surat cara pinjaman bagi membiayai kos pemulihan; dan

Pembeli asal rumah terbengkalai diberi pengecualian duti setem ke atas semua jenis surat cara yang disempurnakan bagi tujuan mendapat pembiayaan tambahan dan pindah milik rumah.

Bantuan dan Insentif Rakyat

Bantuan Rakyat 1Malaysia (BR1M)

134. Sesungguhnya, Kerajaan ini adalah Kerajaan rakyat, dari rakyat untuk rakyat. Kemakmuran negara dan kesejahteraan rakyat adalah objektif tertinggi. Kerajaan ini tidak akan sekali-kali melakukan sebarang tindakan yang akan membahayakan masa depan orang ramai. Bukan seperti sesetengah pihak, yang sanggup mengatakan apa sahaja, ini percuma, itu pun percuma, hutang tak perlu bayar, hatta menjanjikan syurga semata-mata untuk berkuasa. Namun, saya selaku Menteri Kewangan, tidak akan menyembunyikan kebenaran, sekalipun ia pahit. Pendek kata, Kerajaan ini tidak akan mengaburi mata rakyat.

135. Menyedari hakikat inilah, Kerajaan sedang melaksanakan inisiatif rasionalisasi subsidi dan mengalih secara berperingkat kaedah pemberian subsidi daripada subsidi pukal yang membawa kepada banyak ketirisan dan sehingga orang yang berada pun memperoleh, kepada subsidi yang bersasar. Di bawah prinsip ini, subsidi akan diteruskan tetapi akan diberi hanya kepada kelompok yang betul-betul memerlukannya. Hakikatnya, jika Kerajaan terus memberi subsidi secara pukal, ia akan menghancurkan kedudukan kewangan negara sehingga akhirnya rakyat menanggung akibat, seperti mana yang berlaku di sesetengah negara di dunia. Sebagai sebuah Kerajaan yang bertanggungjawab, kita tidak rela perkara tersebut berlaku.

136. Bersesuaian dengan peralihan kepada dasar pelaksanaan subsidi bersasar, Kerajaan komited bagi memastikan setiap segmen rakyat Malaysia dapat mengongsi kemakmuran negara. Ini hanya akan berlaku, sekiranya ekonomi nasional terus tumbuh secara mapan dan kekayaan negara dapat terus dijana. Sukacita saya mengumumkan pemberian Bantuan Rakyat 1Malaysia atau BR1M 2.0. Kriteria penerima tetap sama iaitu ketua isi rumah yang berpendapatan 3,000 ringgit dan ke bawah. Sebagai tambahan, sukacita juga saya mengumumkan pemberian BR1M 2.0 ini diperluaskan kepada individu bujang berumur 21 tahun dan ke atas yang berpendapatan tidak melebihi 2 ribu ringgit sebulan. Pemberian bantuan kepada individu bujang ini adalah sebanyak 250 ringgit.

137. Hakikatnya, bantuan kepada isi rumah dan individu bujang ini bukanlah satu langkah populis malah manifestasi sebuah Kerajaan bertanggungjawab dan mampu mengurus kewangan negara dengan berhemah. Ia memanfaatkan 4.3 juta isi rumah dan 2.7 juta individu bujang melibatkan peruntukan 3 bilion ringgit. Ia akan dibayar mulai awal tahun 2013. Bagi memudahkan pelaksanaan, penerima BR1M sedia ada tidak lagi perlu mendaftar untuk kali kedua manakala pemohon baru boleh mula mendaftar mulai November 2012 secara atas talian atau melalui kaunter di Pejabat Pembangunan Negeri, Pejabat Daerah dan pejabat Lembaga Hasil Dalam Negeri seluruh negara.

138. Gula yang diambil secara berpatutan adalah baik, namun sekiranya diambil secara berlebihan ia mampu menjadi racun. Setakat ini, sekitar 2.6 juta rakyat Malaysia mengidap diabetes. Oleh itu, Kerajaan bercadang mengurangkan subsidi gula sebanyak 20 sen sekilogram mulai 29 September 2012. Kerajaan menyeru kepada para peniaga bahawa janganlah membebankan saudara se-Malaysia dengan kenaikan harga. Sebaliknya kurangkanlah kandungan gula.

139. Saya ingin menegaskan bahawa Kerajaan masih lagi menanggung subsidi gula sebanyak 34 sen satu kg yang melibatkan perbelanjaan sebanyak 278 juta ringgit. Malah pengurangan subsidi ini disokong oleh persatuan- persatuan pengguna dan pengamal kesihatan.

140. Selanjutnya, untuk menampung perbezaan harga dan kuota penggunaan minyak masak yang semakin meningkat, Kerajaan akan menyediakan peruntukan sebanyak 1.5 bilion ringgit bagi menstabilkan harga minyak masak di pasaran.

Penyeragaman Harga

141. Secara umumnya, harga barangan keperluan di Sabah dan Sarawak adalah lebih mahal berbanding di Semenanjung Malaysia disebabkan kos penghantaran dan pengagihan yang lebih tinggi. Bagi memastikan kos dan harga barangan dapat dikurangkan, Kerajaan telah memperkenalkan pelbagai inisiatif termasuk Program Penyeragaman Harga, pemberian subsidi pengangkutan serta pembukaan Kedai Rakyat 1Malaysia. Untuk ini, Kerajaan akan memperuntukkan sebanyak 386 juta ringgit bagi memastikan harga barangan keperluan di Sabah dan Sarawak serta Labuan dijual pada harga yang lebih rendah dan lebih seragam dengan membuka sebanyak 57 buah KR1M dan menanggung kos penghantaran produk dari Semenanjung Malaysia ke Sabah, Sarawak serta Labuan termasuk penghantaran ke kawasan pedalaman. Sebagai contoh di Ba’kalalan, Sarawak, harga gas memasak 14 kg setong dijual pada harga RM70. Dengan program penyeragaman harga, gas memasak tersebut boleh dibeli hanya dengan RM26.60 setong.

142. Sebagai tambahan, bagi meringankan beban rakyat yang berulang alik menggunakan perkhidmatan feri dari Labuan ke Sabah dan Sarawak, Kerajaan akan memberi diskaun tambang kepada semua penumpang sebanyak 50 peratus. Di samping itu, diskaun sebanyak 50 peratus turut diberi ke atas tambang feri untuk kenderaan komersial yang mengangkut barang keperluan asas dan binaan ke Labuan.

Mempermudah Ibadah Haji

143. Sekali lagi kita memasuki musim panggilan Haji menuju Baitullah. Dalam Bajet 2012, saya telah mengumumkan pencarum KWSP boleh membuat pendaftaran awal menunaikan rukun ke 5 ini melalui penghadangan Akaun 2 sebanyak 1,300 ringgit. Alhamdulillah, setakat ini, seramai 51,528 pencarum telah menggunakan inisiatif ini. Sebagai langkah tambahan untuk membantu bakal-bakal haji, saya ingin mengumumkan bahawa bakal-bakal haji yang mencarum di KWSP, kini dibenarkan mengeluarkan simpanan dari Akaun 2 mereka bagi menampung kekurangan kos tambang. Inisiatif ini terhad kepada jemaah muassasah dengan maksimum pengeluaran sehingga 3 ribu ringgit.

Kajian Semula Cukai Pendapatan Individu dan Koperasi

144. Kerajaan prihatin ke atas peningkatan kos sara hidup rakyat serta tanggungan cukai pendapatan mereka. Kerajaan telah pun menyediakan sebanyak 20 jenis pelepasan cukai individu dan 2 rebat cukai. Berikutan pelepasan dan rebat cukai ini, hanya 1.7 juta orang sahaja yang perlu membayar cukai berbanding keseluruhan guna tenaga iaitu seramai 12 juta orang.

145. Dalam proses peralihan daripada sistem cukai sedia ada yang berasaskan pendapatan kepada sistem cukai yang lebih adil dan saksama, Kerajaan mencadangkan kadar cukai pendapatan individu diturunkan 1 mata peratusan bagi setiap kumpulan pendapatan bercukai tahunan melebihi 2,500 ringgit sehingga 50 ribu ringgit. Langkah ini akan mengeluarkan seramai 170 ribu pembayar cukai daripada membayar cukai serta pembayar cukai pendapatan sedia ada juga menikmati penjimatan bayaran cukai mereka. Sebagai contoh, golongan profesional muda yang belum berkahwin dengan pendapatan bulanan 5 ribu ringgit, akan menikmati penjimatan cukai pendapatan sehingga 425 ringgit seorang.

146. Pada masa yang sama, bagi terus memacu transformasi gerakan koperasi, Kerajaan mencadangkan kadar cukai pendapatan koperasi juga dikurangkan antara 1 hingga 7 mata peratusan di semua kumpulan pendapatan bercukai. Dengan ini, seramai 7 juta ahli koperasi akan menikmati manfaat sebagai galakan untuk meningkatkan keupayaan keusahawanan dalam bidang perniagaan.

Meringankan Beban Pengusaha Bas Sekolah

147. Kerajaan mengambil berat akan keselamatan anak-anak yang menaiki bas ke sekolah dan pemandu-pemandu bas berikutan kualiti segelintir bas sekolah yang kurang memuaskan. Keadaan ini disebabkan pengusaha bas sekolah tidak dapat menampung beban kos penyelenggaraan yang semakin meningkat sedangkan sebahagian besar bas yang dimiliki telah melebihi jangka hayat ekonomi. Untuk itu, Kerajaan mencadangkan pengusaha bas sekolah diberi pertamanya, pemberian rebat tunai 10 ribu ringgit dan subsidi kadar faedah 2 peratus ke atas pinjaman penuh untuk menggantikan bas sekolah lama berusia melebihi 25 tahun kepada bas baru yang berkapasiti 12 hingga 18 tempat duduk. Skim pinjaman ini diuruskan oleh BSN ditawarkan untuk tempoh permohonan 2 tahun bermula 1 Januari 2013.

148. Keduanya, penyediaan Skim Perlindungan Insurans Kemalangan Diri, hilang upaya kekal dan kematian kepada semua murid sekolah yang menggunakan perkhidmatan bas sekolah berpermit. Usaha ini akan memanfaatkan seramai 2 juta pelajar dengan perlindungan maksimum sebanyak 100 ribu ringgit dan kos premium sebanyak 40 juta ringgit untuk tempoh 2 tahun yang akan diselia oleh Suruhanjaya Perkhidmatan Awam Darat.

Mengurangkan Kos Pembelajaran Pelajar

149. Kerajaan amat prihatin terhadap kebajikan pelajar terutama mereka yang datang daripada keluarga berpendapatan rendah. Kerajaan sentiasa menyediakan peruntukan khusus kepada pelajar sekolah rendah dan menengah yang merangkumi bantuan geran per kapita, bantuan makanan asrama, Rancangan Makanan Tambahan, pembelian buku teks dan bantuan bayaran tambahan persekolahan. Untuk ini, sebanyak 2.6 bilion ringgit diperuntukkan pada tahun 2013.

150. Pada pembentangan Bajet 2012, saya telah mengumumkan bantuan persekolahan 100 ringgit kepada semua pelajar sekolah rendah dan menengah. Bagi meringankan beban persekolahan keluarga berpendapatan rendah dan sederhana, Kerajaan sekali lagi akan meneruskan pemberian bantuan persekolahan 100 ringgit kepada pelajar sekolah rendah dan menengah. Bantuan ini akan dibayar mulai Januari 2013 dan bermanfaat kepada 5.4 juta pelajar melibatkan peruntukan sebanyak 540 juta ringgit.

151. Kerajaan akan meneruskan program Baucar Buku 1Malaysia kepada setiap pelajar IPT dan pra-universiti. Suka saya mengumumkan, bahawa nilai baucar akan ditingkatkan daripada 200 ringgit kepada 250 ringgit. Langkah ini melibatkan peruntukan 325 juta ringgit dan akan memanfaatkan seramai 1.3 juta pelajar di seluruh negara.

152. Kerajaan juga amat prihatin akan bebanan kos pendidikan tinggi anak- anak. Bagi membantu meringankan tanggungan kewangan ibu bapa, Kerajaan mencadangkan pelepasan cukai sedia ada bagi pendidikan tinggi anak-anak sebanyak 4,000 ringgit seorang sekarang ini, dinaikkan kepada 6,000 ringgit mulai tahun taksiran 2013. Langkah ini menunjukkan komitmen dan tumpuan Kerajaan ke atas pelaburan bagi meningkatkan tahap pendidikan generasi muda yang akan memberi manfaat kepada negara pada masa hadapan.

153. Bagi menggalakkan sikap menabung untuk pendidikan, sukacita juga saya mengumumkan di sini bahawa pelepasan cukai yang telah pun diberi sehingga 3,000 ringgit bagi Skim Simpanan Pendidikan Nasional dinaikkan kepada 6,000 ringgit.

154. Menurut hukum, hutang wajib dibayar. Pinjaman PTPTN satu amanah. Ia adalah satu keistimewaan, bukan satu hak. Jika hutang PTPTN tidak dibayar, ia akan menafikan hak-hak pelajar masa depan. Oleh itu, bagi memudahkan proses pembayaran balik, Kerajaan akan memperkenalkan beberapa insentif. Pertama, bagi peminjam yang menyelesaikan hutang sekali gus dalam tempoh setahun selepas pengumuman ini, bermula 1 Oktober 2012 hingga 30 September 2013, diskaun 20 peratus akan diberikan ke atas jumlah pinjaman mereka.

155. Manakala, bagi mereka yang membayar pinjaman secara konsisten mengikut jadual mulai 1 Oktober 2012, diskaun 10 peratus setahun akan diberikan. Kita tahu ada pihak yang mencadangkan supaya hutang keseluruhan hutang PTPTN dimansuhkan. Ini adalah satu perbuatan yang amat tidak bertanggungjawab kerana jika dimansuhkan, siapa yang akan menanggung lebih 30 bilion ringgit hutang PTPTN. Bukankah yang akan terbeban adalah rakyat Malaysia? Bertanggungjawabkah jika kita yang berhutang masyarakat yang menanggung. Itulah persoalannya.

Program Jalur Lebar untuk Rakyat Termiskin di Bandar

156. Kerajaan akan menubuhkan 100 Pusat Internet 1Malaysia bagi Tahun 2013 hingga 2015 di dalam bandar seperti di kawasan perumahan rakyat. Pusat ini dilengkapi dengan kemudahan komputer dan perkhidmatan jalur lebar bagi kegunaan harian dan meningkatkan kegiatan sosioekonomi mereka. Untuk itu, SKMM akan menyediakan peruntukan sebanyak 150 juta ringgit.

Menggalakkan Aktiviti Tanggungjawab Sosial Korporat

157. Kerajaan berharap pihak swasta, badan korporat serta syarikat berkaitan Kerajaan dapat memainkan peranan yang lebih besar dalam pembangunan dan kesejahteraan rakyat melalui Tanggungjawab Sosial Korporat atau ‘Corporate Social Responsibility’. Bagi menyokong usaha Kerajaan untuk merancakkan aktiviti CSR, program yang akan dilaksanakan oleh GLC dan agensi termasuklah:


Felda akan melaksana dan menyiapkan projek perumahan generasi baru sebanyak 20,000 unit untuk tempoh lima tahun di atas 5,000 ekar tanah dalam kawasan Felda. Projek ini akan menelan belanja sebanyak 1.5 billion ringgit dalam tempoh tersebut. Di samping itu, Felda telah memperuntukkan sebanyak 60 juta ringgit bagi membaiki rumah-rumah kampung tradisi di sekitar rancangan. Felda juga akan berbelanja sebanyak 100 juta ringgit setahun untuk program pendidikan dan latihan kemahiran serta biasiswa kepada 5000 anak generasi baru, 30 peratus atau 2,000 orang dari jumlah ini adalah terdiri dari anak- anak dari luar Felda;

Kedua: Yayasan 1MDB akan menyediakan 300 juta ringgit bagi pemberian geran pendidikan, bantuan kewangan, pembinaan rumah arau untuk pelajar pra-sekolah di pedalaman Sarawak, Klinik Bergerak 1Malaysia dan program membaiki rumah bagi golongan miskin dan daif; dan

Ketiga: Syarikat-syarikat GLIC dan GLC akan memperuntukkan hampir 500 juta ringgit untuk menjalankan CSR dalam bidang pembangunan komuniti, biasiswa, pendidikan, sukan dan alam persekitaran.

158. Sebaik mana pun dasar yang telah digubal pihak Kerajaan tidak akan bermakna tanpa pelaksanaan yang cekap serta berkesan. Kerajaan mengucapkan terima kasih kepada semua penjawat awam negara yang merupakan jentera pelaksanaan dasar negara sama ada yang berada di peringkat daerah, pihak berkuasa tempatan, negeri mahupun pusat.

159. Kerajaan juga ingin mengambil peluang ini untuk mengiktiraf peranan yang dimainkan Kementerian Kewangan sebagai pelaksana dasar fiskal negara, Bank Negara Malaysia yang bertanggungjawab terhadap dasar monetari negara dan Suruhanjaya Sekuriti yang mengawal keutuhan pasaran modal kebangsaan.

160. Makanya, sebagai Kerajaan yang mengenang budi, suka saya mengumumkan pemberian bonus sebanyak satu setengah bulan gaji. Seperti kita tahu, dari jumlah ini, setengah bulan telah pun diberikan menjelang perayaan Aidilfitri yang lepas, sejumlah setengah bulan gaji lagi akan diberikan pada bulan Disember kelak manakala setengah bulan lagi akan diberikan pada bulan Januari nanti. Diharapkan pemberian bonus ini akan mengurangkan beban para penjawat awam terutamanya yang berkeluarga sempena musim awal persekolahan.


161. Bajet yang baru saya bentangkan untuk tahun 2013 ini adalah bajet terakhir sebelum pilihanraya umum ke-13. Ia merupakan antara siri-siri bajet yang akan mendorong negara tercinta ke arah pencapaian wawasan nasional.

162. Dengan izin Allah SWT dan dengan sokongan serta dukungan rakyat Malaysia, InsyaAllah kita akan menyaksikan enam lagi bajet yang akan dibentangkan oleh Kerajaan Barisan Nasional sebelum Malaysia berubah status daripada sebuah negara membangun berpendapatan sederhana tinggi menjadi sebuah negara maju berpendapatan tinggi.

163. Sebagai parti yang telah dimandatkan, kami menyeru agar rakyat menilai secara kritikal dan rasional akan titipan rekod kejayaan yang dimiliki oleh Barisan Nasional. Kerajaan BN dan sebelum itu Perikatan telah selama 55 tahun mencipta kehidupan yang lebih baik untuk rakyat Malaysia.

164. Kita tahu ada pihak yang menyeru supaya mereka diberi peluang untuk membentuk kerajaan. Secara berlapang dada, dalam sebuah negara yang demokratik, kita faham tidak salah menawarkan diri, kerana mereka juga ada hak namun pada akhirnya, rakyatlah yang akan menentukan siapa akan mendapat mandat melalui peti undi.

165. Kini, masanya hampir tiba apabila rakyat Malaysia akan membuat pilihan bagi menentukan masa depan mereka dan anak-anak mereka. Persoalan yang perlu ditanya semasa membuat keputusan ialah, sama ada kehidupan mereka hari ini lebih baik berbanding semalam dan adakah hari esok menjanjikan harapan yang sarat dengan peluang serta potensi. Jika jawapannya ya, maka tanpa ragu-ragu berilah mandat kepada kerajaan yang ada untuk meneruskan dan menambah baik apa yang ada.

166. Pujangga bermadah, bumi mana tak ditimpa hujan, gading mana yang tidak retak. Kita akur, Kerajaan BN tidak bebas dari kekhilafan tetapi yang membezakan kami dan mereka ialah mereka tidak mempunyai ketawadu’an untuk mengakui kesilapan sebaliknya mencipta alasan demi alasan dengan penuh gempita menyalahkan orang lain.

167. Pucuk pangkalnya, pihak yang menawarkan alternatif ini juga perlu dinilai catatan rekod mereka. Kerana mereka bukannya tidak dikenali rakyat Malaysia. Malah, ada di kalangan mereka pernah diamanahkan sebagai kepimpinan tertinggi yang mengurus khazanah negara. Tidak cukup dengan itu, hari ini di beberapa negeri mereka juga mengepalai Kerajaan.

168. Kalau hari ini mereka menjanji itu dan ini, rakyat Malaysia harus bertanya, apabila pemimpin berkenaan, ketika masih berjawatan dulu, kenapa tidak melaksanakan apa yang dikokokkan. Hakikatnya, jika ketika berpeluang, tidak melaksanakan segala yang dijanji, apatah pula jaminan mereka akan melunaskannya jika diberi kuasa sekarang.

169. Bukankah apabila berhadapan dengan krisis kewangan Asia, hampir ranap negara ini dibuatnya? Jika kini, di negeri-negeri yang ditadbir mereka, apa yang terkandung dalam manifesto mereka sendiri pun masih tinggal janji, mana mungkin mereka boleh dipercayai dengan amanah dan kuasa.

170. Ini berbeza dengan kerajaan BN. Apabila berjanji, ditepati. Bahkan sebelum berjanji pun lagi, kita bersikap bertanggungjawab, dengan menentukan sama ada janji itu boleh ditunaikan atau tidak. Bukannya mengambil sikap asal menang, segalanya-galanya sanggup dipertaruhkan. Sebaliknya bila menang, janji hilang entah ke mana.

171. Kata Plato “The measure of a man is what he does with power”. Justeru, hari ini, kita dapati, untuk berkuasa, ada sesetengah pihak sanggup mengadu domba antara agama dan bangsa, sanggup menggadai segala-galanya hatta prinsip sekalipun demi kerakusan kuasa. Kerajaan BN, dibimbing prinsip “fastabiqul khairat” sepertimana terkandung di dalam ayat al-Quran yang saya baca pada awal ucapan tadi, iaitu berlumba-lumba melakukan kebaikan. Sedangkan pegangan puak sana tampaknya “fastabiqul fasad”, iaitu berlumba- lumba membuat onar kerosakan

172. Kalau kita lihat lagi, hakikatnya Kerajaan BN adalah perintis kepada perpaduan kaum yang menjadi teras kestabilan nasional tetapi pihak lain yang ingin menjadi Kerajaan merintis kekuatan melalui konflik dan kebencian. Kerajaan difitnah dan dituduh semahunya.

173. Maka, saya menyeru rakyat Malaysia supaya menghakimi Kerajaan BN dengan amal perbuatan bukannya retorik. Marilah bersama-sama saya dan rakan-rakan untuk kita melepas bebaskan segala potensi yang ada bagi membina sebuah negara yang boleh kita banggakan. Sebuah negara yang mana yang susah dibantu, yang lemah dilindungi, yang berada membantu, yang kuat melindungi, yang muda kasihi, yang tua dihargai, yang memerlukan dikhidmati dan yang berbakat digilap.

174. Sesungguhnya, kita mahukan Malaysia yang tersanjung di persada antarabangsa. Malaysia yang makmur dan aman. Malaysia yang menjadi cahaya dan oasis di tengah-tengah ketidaktentuan global. Mudah-mudahan dengan izin-Nya dan sokongan padu rakyat, kita bakal membina sebuah realiti dari impian. Kepada Allah kita berserah.

Saya mohon mencadangkan.

Seorang penulis blog yang masih belajar bagaimana untuk menulis blog dengan baik. Saya amat meminati muzik dan gemar bersosial secara berhemah dengan rakan-rakan. Sekiranya anda ingin saya membuat review produk, makanan atau menghadiri sebarang event, sila hantarkan jemputan anda ke email : admin[at]mohdzaid.com atau yedkajang[at]gmail.com


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